Posted in english, school

8th Grade English, Characters Summary For The Book I’m Writing

Writing Assignment: Write a series of 1-paragraph summaries for the dynamic characters in your story. Describe how they are involved in the development of the story and how they develop as characters. Make the description for your main character a 1-page summary, not just 1 paragraph.

Make sure that you show your list of characters that way you can have feedback about them

List of characters (in order of appearance):
McGallen Fish: McGallen Fish can be considered as quite an ordinary man, he is plain in looks and quite mild mannered, but is considered by a lot of people he knows to be well, boring. He is the manufacturing manager of one of many Standard Orb co. factories. His job at the plant is simple: he sits at his desk overseeing the assembly lines, he waits for the managing manager to then tell him which buttons to push, these buttons then send all the people and robots and (other interdimensional beings) how to assemble an orb, when to which part, and what to do afterwards (and also tell everyone it’s time for a T break). And although this seems like a very boring and unexciting life, in actuality, it is. You see, McGallen has decided that as long as he can find safety and stability in the world, he will go there at any cost, and this job is not only the safest job in his known universe. (then again, he doesn’t go out much) So this cycle continues until one day, he has a realization that, maybe he hasn’t been living his life to the fullest after all? So he has this “dreaded” idea stuck in his head until he says that he does not want to work at Standard Orb co. while talking to his boss, his boss of course, considers him a valuable employee (doesn’t question anything, doesn’t slack, and actually likes working there) so he tries to coerce him into staying with the company, McGallen refuses all his offers and proceeds to leave the building, thus starting his epic quest to figure out his life, and to do so, he decides to search the unexplored (or at least unmapped) parts of the universe. But one thing he realizes is that he does not know how to drive any type of interstellar or trans-dimensional vehicle. (he didn’t need or want to learn up until now) Now realizing the fact, he decides that to explore the unmapped void, his only option is to somehow catch rides with the people and creatures that travel the universe. At the end of his adventure though he accepts uncertainty, looks for adventure, but is still pretty much the same he was yesterday.

Nary: Nary is one of the people that McGallen meets while hitchhiking, and travels with him throughout the book. His reason for traveling the unexplored void is very simple. One, to discover 6th dimensional chess (and then in turn, be the best at it) and two, to meet the number 1 and 2 smartest beings in the universe, because he says he is the 3rd smartest, he of course, is not. As you can guess by the fact that he thinks he is the 3rd smartest thing in the universe, you can obviously tell he is arrogant and prideful, he also tries to encourage others and learns to be humble through the plot of the story.

Jacob Gristlier: Jacob Gristlier is the big bad of the story, leader of the moai blasters and scourge of the outer void. But although he IS evil and a criminal, he does care deeply for his gang and takes his crime very seriously, making sure that everyone knows how REAL villains do things. He is the villain of the story because, after McGallen insults his gang name, he decides to take revenge on him and chases them throughout the book.

Randal: Randal is a failed musician and songwriter. She actively ignores her musical and actual past and is just trying to find a home somewhere where no one will know who she is, this is very complicated because she got very popular thanks to her famous failing. But overtime her travels for a home with McGallen and Nary leads to her accepting her past and finally finds a home.

Fuzzlocket: Fuzzlocket is a very furry creature with the mind of a philosopher and the attention span of a toddler. The only reason she(he?it?) travels with McGallen is to teach him how to live his life, but because of the attention span “problem” it isn’t often useful.

Yam Man: Yam Man! the mysterious vigilante stopping crimes across the galaxy is now trying to catch Jacob Gristlier and the moai blasters through the story, this makes hims follow McGallen and his friends because well, they are perfect bait.

Posted in school, science

Science Essay On The Size Of The Galaxy

Determine the names of the major stars in two constellations that you were able to identify. How far are they away?
Write a 250 word review essay from your notes or the articles about a point that interests you.

This week we for science we learned about the size of the universe (which had the article I will be talking about), different types of constellations, and what stars they are made of. The article I will be talking about is this one How Big Is God? and talking about how absolutely ginormous the universe is.

Ok, so first off, most people know that the universe is big, but until you actually look at an accurate picture, you will try to make the universe seem as small as possible in your brain. This is wrong, the universe is LUDICROUSLIY big! as the article says: if the Sun-Pluto distance were represented by a one-foot ruler, the nearest star would be over a mile away. Plus, traveling at light speed would not make traveling space a whole lot faster, because the speed of light is approximately 186,282 miles per second. So if we were to travel to the closest star (besides the sun) near our planet (alpha centauri) it would take at the speed of light around 4.3 years to get close to that star, and that if the whole universe was to made to be the size of North America, the solar system who be the size of a coffee mug. Contemplating such things is humbling, but also raises questions.

Can a God of such a vast domain really care about us? It’s important to understand the Biblical doctrine of omnipresence in answering this question. Learning that God is everywhere does not mean that part of Him is here, part there, and part in a distant galaxy, as if His love were spread thinly across all of space. No; omnipresence means that all of God is present at every place, at the same time

Posted in history, school

History Review On 1900’s American Entertainment

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of this week’s main history topics:

1. Presidents McKinley, Roosevelt, and Taft

2. The Spanish-American War (include the political outcomes)

3. The Sinking of the Titanic

4. Early American Entertainment

This week for History class, we learned about the first few presidents of the early 1900’s, the Spanish-American War, which forever changed U.S. foreign politics, American sports, the sinking of the Titanic, and the early movie industry. For today’s assignment, I will be talking about that last segment, on the Titanic and American entertainment.


First off, sports in the U.S. didn’t really start getting popular because there was no real leisure time in pre-Industrial America. But in around the 1800’s, during the Industrial revolution, baseball got it’s start thanks to the free time provided from various machines. Now as I was saying, baseball got it’s start in the early 1800’s. (even though the first real rule book was made in 1845) The first professional, traveling baseball team being the Cincinnati Red Stockings, organized in 1849. The sport’s championships, The World Series, was however, held in 1903, and is still held to this day. And for a long time, it has been referred to as “America’s pastime” The rules to baseball are here.


American football isn’t actually an original sport (kind of), it can trace it’s roots to the the much faster and simpler rugby sport, played by the rest of the world. Football was developed in America and was first played as a collegiate sport in 1869, with the first “rose bowl” being held in 1902. But due to injury concerns, rule changes have been made over the years, and the players have had to wear more protective gear. And even though baseball is referred to as “America’s pastime” American football has actually gotten much more popular than baseball, with it’s annual championship, the Super Bowl, regularly ranks as the highest watched event. The rules to football are here


In 1891, James Naismith invented a sport to be a less injury-prone alternative to football called basketball, it started out as a collegiate (but now has become a international sport) sport where players were trying to shoot balls into peach buckets, but has overtime evolved to be more active and teamwork oriented used now in the NBA (National Basketball Association). Today, basketball has even become one of the sports in the Olympics and played all around the world. The rules to basketball are here

The Early Movie Industry:

The first early motion pictures were little animations made by Thomas Edison to test out his Kinetograph. By 1900, other were enthralled with this idea and started making their own short motion pictures, with what’s probably one of the first great movie successes, the Great Train Robbery. It set a new time high for movie length (10 minutes) and introduced some of the most common film making tricks us

Posted in english, memes, school

Bigger Book Summary On My 8th Grade Book Project

Writing Assignment: The writing assignment today is to create a 1-page summary of the plot of your story, by expanding the 1-paragraph summary you created yesterday.

McGallen Fish, an ordinary fish (given the context) lives a normal life. Every day, he wakes and does his morning routine, and by 9:00aM he’s off to work at the Standard Orb co. where he works as manufacturing manager. He then spends the rest of the day pressing random buttons to give commands to his coworkers on how to make a ball, when to do the steps, and in what order to assemble them, he then goes home, makes himself a meal, and the process repeats. And while this may seem like a boring life, Mr. McGallen Fish is perfectly content.

Until one day, he wakes up with a deep feeling inside that his life would and should change forever, and as he does his morning routine and goes to work, he realizes how boring and unfulfilling his job is. After realizing that if he dies today, his life will not be very fascinating to describe (I mean, look how fast I described it!). Now, he realizes that he MUST quit his job, even if he will miss the stability and safety of it, and go explore the reaches of the unexplored void, for many believe that there’s an answer for everything hidden in there.

One thing he has forgotten however, is that there are no known public transport vehicles or taxis going into the unexplored reaches of his dimension, and because he cannot drive his own Mobility Enhancing Vehicle (for he thought just a minute ago that he would never go anywhere than his current workplace), he must then turn to hitchhiking around the dimension with the help of many different and colorful people that travel, and explore the universe, looking for different things, answers, and places to live. (one such person is Nary, a man who is trying to found sixth dimensional chess, and Randal an old drum player that used be part of a really bad pop cover band, and is now trying to find a homely home). Along the way McGallen finds himself in perplexing lands (like the house of the hill monarch), chased by enemies (like the moai blasters), and on the adventure of a lifetime. But in the end, he finds himself back in his old life, just where he started, but this time, with new friends, and more answers.

Posted in english, memes, school

8th Grade English Book Summary On A Book I Will Be Writing!

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-paragraph (5-6 sentence) summary of the book you will be writing:

McGallen Fish wakes up one day with a deep feeling inside that his life would and should change forever, and as he does his morning routine and goes to work, he realizes how boring his job is as the manufacturing manager of one of the many Standard Orb facilities. After realizing such a predicament he is in, he decides to quit his job, (much to his co-worker’s dismay) and explore the reaches of his dimension.

One thing he has forgotten however, is that there are no known public transport vehicles or taxis going into the unexplored reaches of his dimension, and because he cannot drive his own M.E.V (Mobility Enhancing Vehicle), he must then turn to hitchhiking around the dimension with the help of the various colorful characters that travel the universe.

Along the way he finds himself at marvelous location of wonder, perilous predicaments contrasting space itself, and many new friends and answers at his side. And when his journey is complete, he returns to find himself a changed fish and more importantly, a happy one.

Posted in school, science

Science Essay On Why Blue Stars Haven’t Blown Up Already

Assignment: Review the articles that you read during this week of Astronomy. Write a 250 word essay reviewing the main points of an article that interested you. Include information on areas that you would like to learn more about.

So this week for science we continued learning about the stars and planets, and for one lesson this week, we talked about the age of the universe, (and the evidence of how it’s not billions of years old) and the main point my teacher had that I want to talk about blue stars and this article (https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/stars/blue-stars/) I had read about them.

Ok so starting off, blue stars are stars that are EXTREMELY hot and VERY bright, and because of this, they use their nuclear energy incredibly, (in terms of star life) where scientists state they could only live a million years at best, yet most scientists also claim the the universe is around 14 billion old, so, how are they still around to this day? simple, the universe is NOT over millions of years old!

Next the article talks about how astronomers say these brilliant blue, burning balls were form by…. gas, the article of course, covers all the problems with the theory that blue stars are formed from condescend gas clouds, the reason why being size, the amount of gas needed to condense into violently glowing and exploding blue orb is equal in mass to: 10 cubic meters to the power of 18, which is equal to 1e18 cubic meters. (a lot!)

This process may sound simple, but it is fraught with problems. But the largest problem is that a gas cloud is so spread out that its gravity is miniscule. As thin as the gas is, it does have some pressure, and the pressure pushing particles apart tends to exceed the gravity that pulls them together. If the cloud were to shrink, the pressure would increase to cause the cloud to re-expand.

Posted in history, school

History Review On The Men Who Industrialized America

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on this week’s main history topic, the Industrial Age in America.

Be sure to include what you learned about these men:

1. Cornelius Vanderbilt
2. John D. Rockefeller
3. Andrew Carnegie
4. J.P. Morgan
5. Henry Ford

This week for History class we learned about people like Thomas Edison and John D. Rockefeller (and a bunch of others) who helped modernize America trough the Industrial era, but seen as I’ve written about Ford and Rockefeller ALREADY for my Finance class, today I’m going to write about Cornelius Vanderbilt and Andrew Carnegie.

1: Cornelius Vanderbilt

Vanderbilt grew up helping his father on his ferry in New York harbor, with Vanderbilt’s vigor and determination in the shipping industry earning him the nickname “Commodore” which he had for the rest of life, and not before too long, Vanderbilt had done so well in the shipping industry business to acquire several steamboats of his own, and by the end of the Civil War, Vanderbilt had a whole fleet of boats.

But in a very risky move, Vanderbilt decided that the steamboat industry was too crowded, and then sold all of his steamboats and started his own railroad lines and strategically placed locomotives, his reason being that the railroad business, while already profitable, basically had no current competitors in the field, thus he would almost instantaneously monopolize the market. At his death in 1877, Cornelius Vanderbilt’s estate worth was an estimated $100 million dollars, and the man originally known as the commodore became railroad king of the U.S.

2: Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was born in 1835 in Durfermline, Scotland but moved to America in 1845. Andrew got his first job at 13, getting paid a $1.20 per week to work at a cotton mill as bobbin boy, but thanks to hard and good connection with his uncle, Carnegie became a telegraph messenger in 1850. Carnegie founded the keystone bridge company and tried building bridges, and while the keystone bridge company was a mild success for Carnegie; it introduced him to a new material that would make him famous: steel. So, Andrew Carnegie started up a steel “mill” to supply his bridge company. But realizing that steel has incredible potential in other industry’s, (like railroads and building construction) Carnegie founded the Carnegie Steel Company.

Like Rockefeller and Vanderbilt, Carnegie could often be cutthroat and oppressive in terms of a business man, but he didn’t like doing dirty work, so he hired a man named Henry Clay Frick as his “employee management” partner, and Clay was so ruthless about his “management” that one time he hired a private army to end a labor dispute. This earned Carnegie steel, and Andrew himself, a bad reputation. But the bad press did nothing to stop Andrew Carnegie from getting richer as by now he had basically owned the whole steel market. Eventually, in 1901, J.P. Morgan, offered to by Carnegie steel; Carnegie, wanting to beat Rockefeller for richest man in the world, accepted and sold the company for $480 million dollars, most of which, he sent to charity over the last few years of his life.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If Simple Joys Are Just As Valuable As Complex Ones

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 30-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour.

Prompt: Many people think that the most important life experiences are the complex and difficult ones, such as learning a new skill, finding a solution to a problem, or overcoming a great obstacle. These experiences, which can be unpleasant at times, are worthwhile because of what we learn from them. However, simple joys can be just as valuable. Uncomplicated activities, such as spending time with friends, savoring a meal, or appreciating the beauty of nature can bring us great happiness.

Topic: Are simple joys as valuable as complex experiences?

I think that simple joys, while not as valuable in the long run, are better than complex experiences that could potentially move you forward in life, so here’s why:
The first (and most obvious) reason I myself, and lots of other people, believe simple pleasures out-weigh complex experiences is because of the fact the simple joys are, well, simple! Eating a good meal isn’t as strenuous on you then learning to play an instrument, and because of that it’s a lot funner and valuable then learning an instrument, for while your eating the food. Once you’re done, you don’t get anything else out of it, but once you learn how to play piano you don’t really ever forget how to play, thus you get way more value out of learning, because as Confucius (I think) once said: “If you give a man a fish, he’ll eat for a day. If you teach a man to fish, he’ll eat for a life time.”

One other reason I think simple pleasures can be better than worthwhile complex experiences is because of the fact that simple joys can be enjoyed much more with friends and be much more cherished as memories, like playing video games by yourself or with strangers can be a lot less fun than playing games like Terraria with your favorite group of people.

My main argument (as explained earlier) that I have against simple joys is that once their gone, their usually going to stay gone. (as far their usefulness/relevancy in your life goes) Which is why spending time to learn carpentry and trying to figure how full factoring works can be so much more important than just appreciating the beauty of nature.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If People Can Have Too Much Enthusiasm

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 30-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour.

Prompt: When people are very enthusiastic–always willing and eager to meet new challenges or give undivided support to ideas or projects–they are likely to be rewarded. They often work harder and enjoy their work more than do those who are more restrained. But there are limits to how enthusiastic people should be. People should always question and doubt, since too much enthusiasm can prevent people from considering better ideas, goals, or courses of action.

Topic: Can people have too much enthusiasm?

I like to think that enthusiasm is a good thing but I also think that, whether around other people or in the workplace, there is definitely a cap to someone’s enthusiasm, and here’s why:
First off, I think that there is an obvious good side to enthusiasm, that being that a person who really likes baseball and tries their hardest to be a great baseball player could become a better baseball player than someone who really doesn’t want to play baseball and is just being forced by their parents/school education program.
Another reason that I think enthusiasm is good is that enthusiastic people will generally be more positive and energetic, but of course, they’ll also be hyper-active which isn’t that fun a personality to be around, so I think that enthusiasm doesn’t do a good job of first impressions. (unless they both like the same thing)
Now why enthusiasm is a bad thing for your own goals is because you fail to think realistically, because if you keep dreaming of the end goal and don’t really take the best path for it, your not really going to go anywhere.
I still would like to think however that having enthusiasm is very important in life and that you need to be enthusiastic for something in life if you want to feel purpose.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If a Perfect Society Is Possible Or Even Desirable

Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 30-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour. Prompt: Many people argue that it is impossible to create a perfect society because humanity itself is imperfect and any attempt to create such a society leads to the loss of individual freedom and identity. Therefore, they say, it is foolish to even dream about a perfect society. Others, however, disagree and believe not only that such a society is possible but also that humanity should strive to create it. Topic: Is a perfect society possible or even desirable?

I really think that whether or not a perfect society is achievable, I think that pursuing such a thing is only a good idea depending on what you consider is a “perfect society”. For today’s essay I will look at two different “perfect” societies and decide whether or not they are worth striving for.

Today we will be looking at two different “perfect” societies: 1, A society where the needs of the people regardless of their race, religion or wealth would be met. And 2, a society in which no one has a fear of being judged and so, he is free to act according to his will, and where people do not need to fight for their basic rights and have a sense of responsibility towards the society.

So the first society we’ll look at basically states that anyone could have the same needs cared for without any discrimination from different kinds of people. While this seems instantly like a good thing, you must also take in the fact the regardless of a member society does, they still get treated equally, this in turn, has a way to turn into to a communism, where harder working members of this society get treated just as well as those who sit around doing nothing all day. Plus, the ways of achieving the “no discrimination part” might require getting rid of races, religion, and wealth as a whole! So while this seems like quite a good thing humanity should try to achieve the ways of getting to the end goal and the society itself could be done very wrongly.

As for the other type of “perfect” society, we have the one where no one has fear of being judged (similar to the last one of discrimination, but I also read it as if you also won’t be judged for your actions) and where no one has to fight for their basic rights and responsibilities. I like this one a lot more because in lots of places (including the U.S.A.) our rights are being taken from us by government and that achieving this society (or at least this part of it) is one of the ways I can see we get them back. As for the part I can disagree with, the fact that you won’t be judged for your actions, and then in turn, are free to do whatever you want, I think that while this also continues the “free rights’ part, it could also let you get away with many different types of crimes and injustices.

So all things considered, I feel that a perfect society (in all of it’s different definitions) would be very unlikely in this near future, and that if it was, it would be very hard to be “perfect” for everyone.

Posted in english, school

8th Grade Semester Report !

Writing Assignment: Write the rough draft and final copy of your semester report. Remember the requirements as you complete this assignment. Your topic was to summarize what you learned from the first semester of this English class. !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! This is a 4-page writing assignment. !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! Complete any proofreading necessary to make sure you do not have grammar or punctuation mistakes. Post the semester report to your blog, and put a link on the forum, when you are finished.

This year for school I have been using the Ron Paul homeschool Curriculum. (like last year) The RPC curriculum is run mostly by its founder, Ron Paul, but there are other teachers for it’s subjects such as Science, Math, History, Finance, English, and more, (like Biology, and Business) and all the teachers, and I’d say they all do outstanding jobs at teaching.

For the first half of the semester, I read a lot of good (sometimes just boring) books that have had a very popular influence on the world, (or were just written in 1800’s) and I liked quite a few of them, here’s a list of the books, and what I thought of them:

20,000 Leagues Under the Seas was probably one of the first pioneers of sci-fi. (or science fiction) The novel was written by Jules Verne, and I’d say this is my favorite book for the 8th grade so far. The story is of a Professor, his man-servant, and a Canadian harpooner who were captured and spent 20,000 leagues under water in their captors’ submarine. The men go through many perils (most of them coming from the captain); but eventually escape thanks to a well used kraken attacken. I’d recommend this book to anyone who has a taste for sci-fi or sea adventure novels.

After that we read A Tale of Two Cities, which is written by Charles Dickens, is a book that takes place during the French revolution, and even if I thought it was just okay, (why is it three books long, and why does it like to talk about some old lady who knits all the time?!) it deserves some merit for it’s pretty accurate depiction of the French revolution.

Out on the Pampas was next, and by far it is the worst of all the books I read this year. G.A. Henty IS SO BORING, and I just can’t seem to like this book no matter how hard I try! This book is about a family of six (hu)mans ho moved from an established and civilized town to the plains of South America. They had adventures fighting and redeeming the youngest of the family from the Indians. They all eventually moved back to civilized territory and there raised their own respective families. Even if I don’t like a lot of G.A. Henty’s books, I think that you could recommend this book to anyone looking for books about family.

The Scarlet Pimpernel, by Baroness Orczy, story is set during the French revolution, and is about both a woman and her husband and a daring Batman/Robin Hood character, and how okay so being honest, I really got surprised by this book. While I still think the romance novel section of this book is pretty boring, but I think this book is still really good and as I stated earlier, the Scarlet Pimpernel I think is a lot like a mix of Batman and Robin Hood.

With Clive in India by (again) G.A. Henty and the main plot of this story was that a young man named Charley Marryat, for various reasons (need’s to support his family, and wants to make a name for himself), left his family to go work. However, he does not do what his Uncle picked out for him to do and chooses another more exciting occupation: soldiering. He and his comrades have a very successful career and ends up becoming a very rich and renowned man. I don’t like this book, but the interactions between Dr. Peters and Hossein (two of Charlie’s friends) are just so entertaining and just sums up the whole India vs Britain scenario this book is set in.

 Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This book was an anti-slavery novel and jumped from one slave to another of the several slaves in the book as they took on their quest and for freedom. It was a good book and showed a pretty historical picture of the slave trade the cruelties and unfairness of it. This book has an interesting history to it; it came out as a serial-novel in a newspaper; meaning that individual segments of the book were released through each newspaper. This book was one of the sparks that ignited the fire of the Civil War.

Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, is one of most well known romance novels of all time. While I see the appeal for this book, I think it stalls progressing it’s relationships to where I really start feeling like romance novel is just trying to increase the number of words it has. Anyways it’s basically about this family fairly normal Victorian era middle-class citizens. They were a pretty average family but had five girls. Apparently to the men in the book, they were pretty good looking, but because of their lower status certain men did not want to be joined to the girls (through marriage), and in doing so, ruin their “good name.” Eventually, most of the girls in that family marry other characters.

Now that we’re done with the books I read, I will talk about the grammatical and writing tips I learned from the course. The method of essay writing in RPC was to make a mind-map, then an outline, and then a first draft. Of course, after the first draft, you can continue perfecting the paper until satisfied. During the mind-map step, you start off with an otherwise blank piece of paper except for the title in the middle, and then as you think of related topics to what you are writing about you draw arrows away from the center box and literally “map” your thoughts. This helps to keep the paper connected. Next you would make an outline; which basically is the very first draft of your paper. And lastly, you just finalize and perfect your paper making it flow and easier to understand. My English teacher says something that good writing is easy to read and understand, follows conventional grammar standards, and is creative or entertaining to read; which is something all essay write should strive for.

Now I would like to go into the different types of writing assignments I had, and how much I liked doing them:

Timed essays were the first unique type of writing assignment I got this term, and while timing your essays is very important, I feel like I didn’t really like the essays I had to write because the topics I had write about, like say: (https://wordpress.com/post/digstarblog.wordpress.com/2365: timed essay on whether you should show vulnerability or strength) were just so philosophical and difficult to answer that I just didn’t know how to feel 1.5 – 2 pages of these kinds of things!

Next we had book reviews and book reports. Which is basically where you attempt to summarize a book you read and then talk about what other people have to learn or obtain from reading the book. The difference between a book report and book review is that a book report is a simple explanation of the author’s background and themes for and of writing the book while a book review is an analysis that covers the themes or ideas in the text in a much more in depth and critical manner.

And finally we research papers, and what a is is this: *A research paper is a product of seeking information, analysis, human thinking, and time. Basically, when scholars want to get answers to questions, they start to search for information to expand, use, approve, or deny findings. In simple words, research papers are results of processes by considering writing works and following specific requirements. Besides, scientists research and expand many theories, developing social or technological aspects in human science. However, in order to write relevant papers, they need to know a definition of the research, structure, characteristics, and types.*

*Research Paper: Definition, Structure, Characteristics, and Types (wr1ter.com)*

Posted in school, science

Science Essay On The Flaws Of The Nebular Theory

Assignment: Reread some of the articles that you were assigned this week. —> Write a 250 word essay on a topic covered in the lessons or articles that you find interesting. Summarize what you learned. Summarize the author’s main ideas. Write about why you believe the topic is important. Why do you agree or disagree?

So the article I will be talking about is this one: https://www.icr.org/article/astronomers-speak-our-solar-system-special/ in this article, the author talks about how our Solar System is incredibly unique and intricately designed by a creator, and lists off flaws of the nebular theory, like say, why don’t our planets just fly off into to space, and how our planets and sun were perfectly crafted by God to be in perfect movement with each other. Today I will be trying to explain and summarize what the author is talking about in this article.

Ok, so first the author talks about the nebular theory (which is the main atheist theory for how the universe was created) and says that there a ton of flaws with this theory, I would say that the author is right because it takes a lot of blind faith to think that dust gathering into stars would eventually churn out at least 1 planet that has an intricate ecosystem that also happens to be able to have supremely intelligent life.
as the author says: “Could random “friction” have resulted in the precise alignment of our planets? If so, why hasn’t this occurred anywhere else in the known universe? As the senior author of the Science paper states, “The shapes of the exoplanets’ orbits are elongated, not nice and circular Planets are not where we expect them to be. Many giant planets similar to Jupiter, known as ‘hot Jupiters,’ are so close to the star they have orbits of mere days. Clearly we needed to start fresh in explaining planetary formation and this greater variety of planets we now see.”
In conclusion, I believe that there really isn’t much of chance that our universe was created by random chance.

Posted in history, school

History Review of The Presidents From 1880-1896

Write a two to three page paper on one of this week’s main history events: 1. Presidents Garfield, Arthur, and Cleveland, 2. Tuskegee Institute and the Red Cross 3. Immigration to America

This week for American history we learned a lot about the cultural and physical growth of the U.S. (like western folklore and the increased amounts of people living in America) but instead of talking about those things I would like to tell you about the presidents of the time and something very interesting that happened with one of the elections.

Number 1: James Garfield

James A. Garfield (born November 19, 1831) was the 20th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his death by assassination six and a half months later. He is the only sitting member of the U.S. house of Representatives to be elected to the presidency.

Garfield was born into poverty in a log cabin and grew up poor in Northeastern Ohio. After graduating from Williams College, Garfield studied law and became an attorney before entering politics as a Republican in 1857. He served as a member of the Senate of Ohio from 1859 to 1861. Garfield did not like how the South/Confederacy seceded, served as a major general in the Union Army during the Civil war, and fought in the battles of Middle Creek, Shiloh and Chickamauga. He was first elected to Congress in 1862 to represent Ohio’s 19th district. Throughout Garfield’s congressional service after the war, he firmly supported the gold standard (the system by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold, for which the currency could be exchanged) and gained a reputation as a skilled orator. He initially agreed with Republican Radical views on Reconstruction, but later decided on a more moderate approach to civil rights enforcement for freedmen. At then at the 1880 presidential election, delegates chose Garfield, who had not sought the White House, as a compromise presidential nominee on the 36th ballot. In the 1880 presidential election he conducted a low-key “front porch campaign” and narrowly defeated Democrat Winfield Scott Hancock. Garfield’s accomplishments as president included a resurgence of presidential authority against senatorial courtesy in executive appointments, purging corruption in the Post office, and appointing a U.S. Supreme court justice. He enhanced the powers of the presidency when he defied the powerful New York senator Roscoe Coehing by appointing William H. Robinson to the lucrative post of New York port inspector, starting a fracas that ended with Robertson’s confirmation and Conkling’s resignation from the Senate. Garfield advocated agricultural technology, an educated electorate, and civil rights for African Americans. He also proposed substantial civil service reforms, which were passed by Congress in 1883 and signed into law by his successor, Chester A. Arthur. He died on Monday September 19th of 1833 from assassination, now I’ll ask you this: Does Garfield hate Mondays because president James Garfield died on a Monday? 🤔

Number 2: Chester A. Arthur

Arthur was born in Vermont, grew up in upstate New York and practiced law in New York city. He served as quartermaster general of the New York militia during the American Civil war. Following the war, he devoted more time to New York Republican politics and quickly rose in Senator Roscoe Conking’s political organization. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him to the post of Collector of the port of New York (just like Garfield) in 1871, and he was an important supporter of Conkling and the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party. In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes fired Arthur as part of a plan to reform the federal patronage system in New York. Garfield won the Republican nomination for president in 1880, and Arthur was nominated for vice president to balance the ticket as an Eastern Stalwart. Four months into his term, Garfield was shot by an assassin; he died 11 weeks later, and Arthur assumed the presidency.

At the outset, Arthur struggled to overcome a negative reputation as a Stalwart and product of Conkling’s organization. To the surprise of reformers, he advocated and enforced the Pendleton service act. He presided over the rebirth of the US Navy, but he was criticized for failing to alleviate the federal budget surplus which had been accumulating since the end of the Civil War. Arthur vetoed the first version of the 1882 Chinese exclusion act, arguing that its twenty-year ban on Chinese immigrants to the United States violated the Burlingame treaty, but he signed a second version, which included a ten-year ban. Suffering from poor health, Arthur made only a limited effort to secure the Republican Party’s nomination in 1884, and he retired at the end of his term. Journalist Alexander McClure wrote, “No man ever entered the Presidency so profoundly and widely distrusted as Chester Alan Arthur, and no one ever retired … more generally respected, alike by political friend and foe.” Arthur’s failing health and political temperament combined to make his administration less active than a modern presidency, yet he earned praise among contemporaries for his solid performance in office. The New York times summed up Arthur’s presidency at his death in 1886: “No duty was neglected in his administration, and no adventurous project alarmed the nation.” Mark Twain said he about him this: “It would be hard indeed to better President Arthur’s administration.” Despite this, modern historians generally rank Arthur as a mediocre President, as well as the least memorable.

Number 3: Grover Cleveland

Born to a Presbyterian minister, Cleveland grew up in upstate New York (this is getting repetitive). In 1881, he was elected Mayor of Buffalo and later governor of New York. Cleveland was the leader of the pro-business Bourbon Democrats who opposed free silver; high tariffs; inflation; imperialism; and subsidies to business, farmers, or veterans. His crusade for political reform and being a fiscal conversationalist made him an icon for American conservatives of the era. Cleveland won praise for his honesty, self-reliance, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical liberalism. He fought political corruption, patronage, and bossism As a reformer, Cleveland had such prestige that the like-minded wing of the Republican Party, called “mugwumps”, largely bolted the GOP presidential ticket and swung to his support in the 1884 election. As his second administration began, disaster hit the nation when the panic of 1893 produced a severe national depression, which Cleveland was unable to reverse. It ruined his Democratic Party, opening the way for a Republican Landslide and for the agrarian and silver seizure of the Democratic Party in 1896. The result was a political realignment that ended the Third party system and started the Fourth party system.

Cleveland was a formidable policymaker, and he also drew corresponding criticism. His intervention in the Pullman Strike of 1894 to keep the railroads moving angered labor unions nationwide in addition to the party in Illinois; his support of the gold standard and opposition to Free Silver alienated the agrarian wing of the Democratic Party. Critics complained that Cleveland had little imagination and seemed overwhelmed by the nation’s economic disasters—depressions and strikes—in his second term. Even so, his reputation for probity and good character survived the troubles of his second term. Biographer Alan Neath wrote, “In Grover Cleveland, the greatness lies in typical rather than unusual qualities.” He had no endowments that thousands of men do not have. He possessed honesty, courage, firmness, independence, and common sense. But he possessed them to a degree other men do not.” By the end of his second term, public perception showed him to be one of the most unpopular U.S. presidents, and he was by then rejected even by most Democrats. Today, Cleveland is considered by most historians to have been a successful leader, and has been praised for honesty, integrity, adherence to his morals and defying party boundaries, and effective leadership, and is generally ranked higher up on the rank of American presidents. (he’s also one of my favorites because he got two non-consecutive terms, how cool is that?!)

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If You Should Show Vulnerability Or Strength To People

Writing Assignment: Write a 2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 45-minute timer after reading the topic below and aim for a finished paper that is 2 pages long. Prompt: We are often told to “put on a brave face” or to be strong. To do this, we often have to hide, or at least minimize, whatever fears, flaws, and vulnerabilities we possess. However, such an emphasis on strength is misguided. What truly takes courage is to show our imperfections, not to show our strengths, because it is only when we are able to show vulnerability–or the capacity to be hurt–that we are genuinely able to connect with other people. Topic: Is it more courageous to show vulnerability than it is to show strength?

Now, unlike some of the other “speed essays” I’ve written (featuring a very philosophical subject) I’ve been able to answer it, or at least take both side’s in moderation. This time however, I have no real idea of how to answer this, because, while “putting on a brave face” hides all your weaknesses, fears, and failures, it also doesn’t show your true self, and that it turn, and that in itself makes you seem either full of yourself, prideful, ignorant, and most commonly, all of the above. But of course, if you show your weaknesses and fears, which can make you seem humble or at least, show yourself, it also shows your weaknesses in fear, which then leads to you seeming weak/helpless. While it seems that showing your fears is a good thing, hiding them also has it’s own worth, because after all: “Bravery is being the only one who knows you’re afraid.” -Franklin P. Jones.
Of course this whole time I’ve only addressed this topic for just general people interactions, but what about if you should stow away your fears when facing danger, which of course, I have to agree that you MUST put on your “brave face” for a dangerous situation, because if you don’t your fears and past trauma will trip you up, and depending on the danger, then things are not going to end well.

I suppose one of the only ways showing meekness is OBJECTIVLEY better than being tough is when your trying to coerce someone, like say, acting cute and/or polite to your mom at the super-market that way you can get her to buy you that big box of sugar-bombs, because the worst that could happen is that she says no. (this is different from being “brave” and trying to fight for that box of cereal, because then your defenantly going to be punished.

Over all, I think that both being “brave” or showing your fear both should be used in separate situations, that it suits different types of people better, and that there is no actual way to coerce your mom to buy fancy cereal for you.

Posted in history, school

History Review On The Reconstruction Of The South

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of this week’s main history events: 1. Reconstruction 2. The terms of presidents Johnson, Grant, and Hayes 3. The Indian Wars in the West

This week for history class, we studied the presidents that came right after the civil war, the wars Native Americans started to take back they’re old land, and the reconstruction of the U.S’s now destroyed South. Now while I will be going in detail about reconstruction, the short answer is that the reconstruction was used by Congress to impose dramatic changes to the South, and they generally instated and enforced harsh terms by the literal Union army, and they mainly enforced policies regarding slaves (or specifically, to free said slaves) the rigidity of the North’s proposed reforms created continued tension and resistance in the South.

Now let’s look at the amendments and acts that the U.S. enforced on the South:

Amendment 13 abolished slavery and involuntary servitude except as a punishment for a crime. The amendment was proposed and ratified in 1865, and was the first of the reconstruction amendments and was an updated version of the Emancipation Proclamation made in 1863. (it’s interesting to note that slavery as punishment for a crime was still allowed, but today’s punishment is jail-time instead of restitution)

Amendment 14 was the amendment to actually grant citizenship and protection to freed slaves because of the contained acts named the Privilege’s and Immunities clause, the Due-Process clause, and the Equal-Protection clause, which also helped towards dealing with post-civil war issues. The Privilege’s and Immunities clause all helped to protect the U.S. citizens from infringement. (this was made because amendment 14 granted citizenship to freed slaves) The Due-Process act applied for the same right of due process to state courts, instead of just federal law, to protect the rights of citizens. While the equal protection clause was to provide protection to citizens of all states, and not just if Black Codes were installed there yet.

Amendment 15 prevented the denial of the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. this amendment actually took a while to be ratified, (a whole year) and despite it’s existence, the same said right to vote was in fact denied to many blacks anyway, at least until 1915, when the clause was made more broadly readable and available.

Now obviously, these new amendments were going to flip the script of the South, so the North needed a way to enforce these to anyone who opposed it, The Enforcement Acts were what the Union used to make sure people like the Ku Klux Klan (more on them in a second) didn’t just ignore them. The Enforcement Acts were three bills passed by United States congress between 1870 and 1871. The Enforcement Acts of 1870-1871 (and the Klux Klan act) were passed to allow Union army the freedom to enforce the 13th-15th amendments in any states not upholding them or protecting the political and economic rights of any races equally.

The Ku Klux Klan (or just Klan) was the name used by three separate, but similar movements in U.S. history. “The Klan” was first constructed and organized in the 1860’s as a resistance against the 13th and later 14th amendments, and were disbanded by the Union army in 1869 (thanks to the Klux Klan act) Klan members were known by they’re secrecy and distinctive costumes comprised of long, white, flowing robes, and large hoods that went entirely over their faces. The members acted as vigilantes of white supremacy by using threats and acts of violence, including burning houses, injuring and killing U.S. citizens of other races, and leaving threatening blackmail for any elected officials supporting other races.

In summary, the reconstruction acts and amendments were the way the Union managed to repair (with some use of force) the newly-rejoined South, and eliminate any resistance and discrepancy still there.

Posted in english, history, school

Research Paper On Manifest Destiny & The Westward Expansion Of The U.S.

Writing Assignment: Post the final draft for your research paper. Remember the requirements as you complete this research paper. Your topic was self-chosen, but it needed to be on some aspect of 19th century American history. This is a 5 page writing assignment, plus the bibliography at the end. Post the research paper to your blog, and put a link on the forum, when you are finished.

Part I introduction:

This week (and I guess last week’s) assignment was to write another research paper, this time with more freedom of a topic, which happened or was created during the 1800’s, and for this topic, I chose to write about the idea of “Manifest Destiny” and how it pushed the U.S. to spread from “sea to shining sea” (or expand to the west)

First we must talk about what the even is “Manifest Destiny”, it was a phrase coined in 1845, is the idea that the United States is destined—by God, its advocates believed—to expand its dominion and spread democracy and capitalism across the entire North American continent. The philosophy drove 19th-century U.S. territorial expansion and was used to justify the forced removal of Native Americans and other groups from their homes. The rapid expansion of the United States intensified the issue of slavery as new states were added to the Union, leading to the outbreak of the Civil War.

Part II the Louisiana purchase:

The Louisiana Purchase, was the western half of the Mississippi river basin purchased in 1803 from France by the United States (because Napoleon needed funding for his wars); at less than three cents per acre for 828,000 square miles (2,144,520 square km), it was the greatest land bargain in U.S. history. The purchase doubled the size of the United States, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion, and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.

In addition to sponsoring the western expedition of Lewis and Clark of 1805-07, Jefferson also set his sights on Spanish Florida, a process that was finally concluded in 1819 under President James Monroe. But critics of that treaty faulted Monroe and his secretary of state, John Quincey Adams, for yielding to Spain what they considered legitimate claims on Texas, where many Americans continued to settle. In 1823, Monroe invoked Manifest Destiny when he spoke before Congress to warn European nations not to interfere with America’s Westward expansion, threatening that any attempt by Europeans to colonize the “American continents” would be seen as an act of war. This policy of an American sphere of influence and of non-intervention in European affairs became known as the “Monroe Doctrine.” After 1870, it would be used as a rationale for U.S. intervention in Latin America.

Land rushes, similar to races, often occurred when land was opened up for settlement. People would race off to stake their land claim, sometimes as many as 50,000 people at a time.
Some of the people trying to stake land claims would sneak ahead and hide until the land rush began. Then they would stake their land. These people were nicknamed ‘Sooners’, because they came sooner than the rest. To get to these lands, a majority of settlers (and later gold miners) had to go through something known as “the Oregon trail”. The Oregon Trail was laid by fur traders and trappers from about 1811 to 1840, and was only passable on foot or by horseback. By 1836, when the first migrant wagon train was organized in independence Missouri, a wagon trail had been cleared to Fort Wall, Idaho. Wagon trails were cleared increasingly farther west, and eventually reached all the way to the Willemite Valley in Oregon, at which point what came to be called the Oregon Trail was complete, even as almost annual improvements were made in the form of bridges, cutoffs, ferries, and roads, which made the trip faster and safer. From various starting points in Iowa, Missouri, or Nebraska Territory, the routes converged along the lower Platte River valley, Nebraska Territory, and led to rich farmlands west of the Rocky Mountains. From the early to mid-1830s (and particularly through the years 1846–1869) the Oregon Trail and its many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers, farmers, miners, ranchers, and business owners and their families. Today, modern highways, follow parts of the same course westward and pass through towns originally established to serve those using the Oregon Trail. However, these land rushes were soon going to get crazy big as soon a man in California found gold…

Part III The California gold rush:

The gold rush started when a Californian miller found lumps of gold stuck in a riverbed, he and his friend promised not to say a word about it but soon enough, someone had spread the news to the East, causing a massive amount of land claimers rushing in to try and make a quick buck from this new-found wealth. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. Whole indigenous societies were attacked and pushed off their lands by the gold-seekers, called “forty-niners” (referring to 1849, the peak year for Gold Rush immigration). Outside of California, the first to arrive were from Oregon and Latin America in late 1848. Of the approximately 300,000 people who came to California during the Gold Rush, about half arrived by sea and half came overland on the California trail and the Gila River trail; forty-niners often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the gold rush attracted thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852. Roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. In 1849 a state constitution. The new constitution was adopted by referendum vote, and the future state’s interim first governor and legislature were chosen. In September 1850, California became a state. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights in the goldfields and a system of “staking claims” was developed. Prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. Although the mining caused environmental harm, more sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed and later adopted around the world, and soon enough, new methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. 

Part IV Conclusion:

Because of all this spreading and expansioninging, the American population was spread out pretty thin, and thus because of that, connection was low. To solve this problem a transcontinental railroad was constructed for contiguous railroad trackage that crosses a a continental land mass and has terminals at different oceans or continental borders. Such networks were aviable with the use of either a single railroad or over those owned or controlled by multiple companies along a continuous route. Although Europe is crisscrossed by railways, the railroads within Europe are usually not considered transcontinental, with the possible exception of the historic Orient express. Transcontinental railroads helped open up unpopulated interior regions of continents to exploration and settlement that would not otherwise have been feasible. In many cases they also formed the backbones of cross-country passenger and freight transportation networks. Many of them continue to have an important role in freight transportation and some like the Transsiberian track that even had passenger trains going from one end to the other.

Posted in school, science

Science Review On The Sun’s Size

Assignment: Part 1: Read about why the sun is a very special star: icr.org and about the giant cells on the sun’s surface aig.org. Write a 200 word essay. Part 2: Check out the SOHO movie theater. Select an image type and then insert the date.

The sun is an incredible marvel of creation, it’s our planet’s most important heat source, and if it were to die out or explode, or just grow a couple miles larger, are planet would either freeze and turn to darkness or just burn up, the reason why is because every day the sun provides us with heat and light, sustaining life on the earth.

This enormous hydrogen “bomb,” over one hundred times the earth’s diameter, is truly awesome in size and power. Even as some of the greatest minds in the twenty-first century have dedicated their careers to unlocking its secrets, they have only scratched the surface.

The Sun’s dimensions are virtually incomprehensible. Were a railroad—if it were possible—passed through the Sun’s center, and should a fast express train start from one side and proceed at the rate of 100 miles per hour continuously to the other side, the time required for such a transit would be nearly one full year. With a diameter of 864,059 miles to be precise, a distance equal to 109 Earths set side by side in contact, or roughly twice the diameter of the Moon’s orbit about the Earth, the Sun is an immense ball of extremely hot gasses. The surface temperature alone is in excess of 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

Posted in english, school, Uncategorized

Timed Essay On Whether Or Not It’s Good To Have Role Model Who’s Not Famous

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 30-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour.

Prompt: My father was my role model because he could do all of the things that I wanted to do in sports. I’m sure there are people like this in your life. You might have an older brother who is in college and is getting excellent grades. You can follow his lead by listening to what he says about doing well. Your role models don’t have to be famous people. They can be the people you see and talk to every day.

Adapted from Derek Jeter (with Jack Curry), The Life You Imagine: Life Lessons for Achieving Your Dreams

Topic: Can people who are not famous be better role models than people who are famous?

I have to agree with daddy Derek over here when he says that you’re role models can’t and do have to be famous celebrities and people, because often, most celebrities aren’t actually good role models, and I know for a fact that everyone has flaws, but you can’t ignore the fact that the people close to you can be looked up to you, but that you most likely relate to them because of the fact that YOU ARE close to them, and that they can and most likely have helped you with things you want to achieve. (that they also do)

Having your role model be a famous person is still a good choice however, because a lot of famous people are famous, for being/doing a bunch of really cool stuff, like Michael Jordan, who is considerably, the best basketball player of all time, and so if you like basketball and aspire to be a really good player, you might look up to, and study him and what he did.

Posted in history, school

History Review On Joshua Chamberlain & James Longstreet

Writing Assignment: Choose two generals from each side of the war. Write a 3 page paper on their lives, comparing their character and careers.

This week for history class we studied the generals of the civil war how they helped server in the war, and what they did after the war. However, instead of picking the more famous ones like general Grant or general Lee, I have picked Joshua Chamberlain (who received a medal of honor) and James Longstreet (who helped rebuild the post-war south)

Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (born September 8, 1828 – February 24, 1914) was an American college professor from Maine who volunteered during the American Civil war to join the Union army. He became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of Brigadier general (and brevet major general). He is best known for his gallantry at the battle of Gettysburg, for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor. Following the war, he served as Governor of Maine, and the President of Bowdoin college.

Chamberlain was born in Brewer, Maine, the son of Sarah Dupree and Joshua Chamberlain, on September 8, 1828. Chamberlain was of English ancestry and could trace his family line back to twelfth-century England, during the reign of King Stephen. He was the oldest of five children. It is said that he was his mother’s favorite while his father was tough on him. He was very involved in his church, mostly singing in the choir. His mother encouraged him to become a preacher while his father wanted him to join the military, but he felt a reluctance towards both options. He suffered a speech impediment until shortly after graduating from college. He entered Bowdoin College in Brunswick Maine in 1848 with the help of local tutor and professor, William Hyde. Chamberlain learned to read Ancient Greek and Latin in order to pass the entrance exam. While at Bowdoin he met many people who would influence his life, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, the wife of Bowdoin professor Calvin Stowe. Chamberlain would often go to listen to her read passages from what would later become her celebrated novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which was being published in serial form in the abolitionist paper, The National Novel. He also joined the Peunician Society, a group of students with Federalist leanings. A member of the Phi Betta Kappa academic honor society and a brother of the Alpha Delta Fi fraternity, Chamberlain graduated in 1852. Chamberlain married Fanny Adams, second cousin and adopted daughter of a local clergyman, in 1855, and they had five children, one of who was born too premature to survive and two of whom died in infancy.

At the beginning of the American Civil war, Chamberlain believed the Union needed to be supported against the Confederacy by all those willing. On several occasions, Chamberlain spoke freely of his beliefs during his class, urging students to follow their hearts in regards to the war while maintaining that the cause was just. Of his desire to serve in the War, he wrote to Maine’s Governor Israel Washburn Jr. “I fear, this war, so costly of blood and treasure, will not cease until men of the North are willing to leave good positions, and sacrifice the dearest personal interests, to rescue our country from desolation, and defend the national existence against treachery.”

Chamberlain became most famous for his achievements during the Battle of Gettysburg. On July 2, the second day of the battle, Union forces were recovering from initial setbacks and hastily regrouping into defensive positions on a line of hills south of the town. Sensing the momentary vulnerability of the Union forces, the Confederates began an attack against the Union left flank. Chamberlain’s brigade, commanded by Col. Strong Vincent , was sent to defend Little Round top by the army’s Chief of Engineers, Brig. Gen. Governor Keef Warren. Chamberlain found himself and the 20th Maine at the far left end of the entire Union line. He quickly understood the strategic significance of the small hill, and the need for the 20th Maine to hold the Union left at all costs. The men from Maine waited until troops from the 15Th Regiment of Alabama infantry, commanded by Col. William C. Oates, charged up the hill, attempting to flank the Union position. Time and time again the Confederates struck, until the 20th Maine was almost doubled back upon itself. With many casualties and ammunition running low, Col. Chamberlain recognized the dire circumstances and ordered his left wing (which was now looking southeast, compared to the rest of the regiment, which was facing west) to initiate a bayonet charge. From his report of the day: “At that crisis, I ordered the bayonet. The word was enough.” While battlefield conditions make it unlikely that many men heard Chamberlain’s order, most historians believe he initiated the charge. The 20th Maine charged down the hill, with the left wing wheeling continually to make the charging line swing like a hinge, thus creating a simultaneous, frontal assault and creeping flank capturing 101 of the Confederate soldiers and successfully saving the flank. For his “daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top”, Chamberlain was awarded the Medal of Honor

Chamberlain left the U.S. Army soon after the war ended, going back to his home state of Maine. Due to his immense popularity, he served as Governor of Maine for four one-year terms after he won election as a Republican. His victory in 1866 set the record for the most votes and the highest percentage for any Maine governor by that time. He would break his own record in 1868. During his time in office, he was attacked by those angered by his support for capital punishment and by his refusal to create a special police force to enforce the prohibition of alcohol.

James Longstreet, born January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904 was one of the foremost Confederate general of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Lee, who called him his “Old War Horse”. He served under Lee as a corps commander for most of the famous battles fought by the Amy of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, and briefly with Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater.

After graduating from the United States Military in Tennessee, Longstreet served in the Mexican-American war. He was wounded in the thigh at the Battle of Chapletuc, and afterward married his first wife, Louise Garland. Throughout the 1850s, he served on frontier duty in the American southwest. In June 1861, Longstreet resigned his U.S. Army commission and joined the Confederate Army. He commanded Confederate troops during an early victory at  in July and played a minor role at the First battle of bull run.

Longstreet made significant contributions to several important Confederate victories, mostly in the Eastern Theater as one of Robert E. Lee’s chief subordinates in the Army of Northern Virginia. He performed poorly at seven rocks by accidentally marching his men down the wrong road, causing them to be late in arrival, but played an important role in the success of the Seven day battles in the summer of 1862, where he helped supervise repeated attacks which drove the Union army away from the Confederate capital of Richmond. Longstreet led a devastating counterattack that routed the Union army at Second bull run in August. Longstreet’s most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, where he openly disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised several unsuccessful attacks on Union forces, including the disastrous Pickett’s charge. Afterwards, Longstreet was, at his own request, sent to the Western Theater to fight under Braxton Bragg, where his troops launched a ferocious assault on the Union lines at Chickamauga, which carried the day. Afterwards, his performance in semiautonomous command during the Knoxville resulted in a Confederate defeat. Longstreet’s tenure in the Western Theater was marred by his central role in numerous conflicts amongst Confederate generals. Unhappy serving under Bragg, Longstreet and his men were sent back to Lee. He ably commanded troops during the battle of the wilderness in 1864, where he was seriously wounded by friendly fire. He later returned to the field, serving under Lee in the Petersburg siege and the Appotomax campaign.

Longstreet enjoyed a successful post-war career working for the U.S. government as a diplomat, civil servant, and administrator. His support for the Republican Party and his cooperation with his old friend, President Ulises S. Grant, as well as critical comments he wrote about Lee’s wartime performance, made him anathema to many of his former Confederate colleagues.

thanks to Wikipedia for imformation

Posted in finance, history, school

Finance Review On The Life Of Henry Ford

The weekly assignment, due today: Write 300 words on an entrepreneur you admire that we have not discussed yet in this class. Explain what entrepreneurial activity this person is involved in. What are some of the obstacles this person had to overcome as an entrepreneur?

Did you know Henry Ford did not invent the automobile? yeah, no, even though he was part of a team of engineers working on the automobile, he wasn’t nowhere near the brightest. (in engineering that is) He was however, the smartest when it came to business, mass production, and over-all entrepreneurship.

In 1891, Ford became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company of Detroit. After his promotion to Chief Engineer in 1893, he had enough time and money to devote attention to his experiments on gasoline engines. These experiments culminated in 1896 with the completion of a self-propelled vehicle, which he named the Ford Quadricycle. He test-drove it on June 4. After various test drives, Ford brainstormed ways to improve the Quadricycle.

Also in 1896, Ford attended a meeting of Edison executives, where he was introduced to Thomas Edison. Edison approved of Ford’s automobile experimentation. Encouraged by Edison, Ford designed and built a second vehicle, completing it in 1898. *Backed by the capital of Detroit lumber baron William H. Murphy, Ford resigned from the Edison Company and founded the Detroit Automobile Company on August 5, 1899.* However, the automobiles produced were of a lower quality and higher price than Ford wanted. Ultimately, the company was not successful and was dissolved in January 1901.

*In response, Malcomson (and old acquaintance of his) brought in another group of investors and convinced the Dodge Brothers to accept a portion of the new company. Ford & Malcomson was reincorporated as the Ford Motor Company on June 16, 1903,[11] with $28,000 capital. The original investors included Ford and Malcomson, the Dodge brothers, Malcomson’s uncle John S. Gray, Malcolmson’s secretary James Couzens, and two of Malcomson’s lawyers, John W. Anderson and Horace Rackham. Ford then demonstrated a newly designed car on the ice of Lake St. Clair, driving 1 mile (1.6 km) in 39.4 seconds and setting a new land speed record at 91.3 miles per hour (146.9 kilometres per hour). *Convinced by this success, the race driver Barney Oldfield, who named this new Ford model “999” in honor of the fastest locomotive of the day, took the car around the country, making the Ford brand known throughout the United States. Ford also was one of the early backers of the Indianapolis 500. *Ford was a pioneer of “welfare capitalism”, designed to improve the lot of his workers and especially to reduce the heavy turnover that had many departments hiring 300 men per year to fill 100 slots.*

*Wikipedia article here*

Posted in history, school

History Review On The American Civil War

Writing Assignment: Write a 3-5 page paper summarizing your favorite parts of this week’s lessons and what you found most interesting about studying the American Civil War.

This week we have been studying about the civil war, it’s battles, and how it ended, the war began with a rather strange first battle, the Battle of Bull Run, but became the bloodiest war in American history. all in all, there were approximately 620,000 soldiers were killed before the treaty of Appomattox.

The civil war started with as I said, the Battle of Manassas, which was an attempt by the North/Union to end the civil war as fast as possible, by going straight for the Confederate state’s capital in Virginia, but the the attack failed and the war continued, next was the battle of fort Henry (and for Donelson), which was were first few important victory for the Union and opened up the western Tennessee and Cumberland river country to the Union.

One of the bloodiest battles in the civil war, was the battle of Shiloh, fought in 1862, a year after the war started.  the first day of the battle, the Confederates struck with the intention of driving the Union defenders away from the river and into the swamps of Owl Creek to the west. Johnston hoped to defeat Grant’s army before the anticipated arrival of Buell and the Army of the Ohio. The Confederate battle lines became confused during the fighting, and Grant’s men instead fell back to the northeast, in the direction of Pittsburg Landing. Tired but unfought and well-organized men from Buell’s army and a division of Grant’s army arrived in the evening of April 6 and helped turn the tide the next morning, when the Union commanders launched a counterattack along the entire line. Confederate forces were forced to retreat, ending their hopes of blocking the Union advance into northern Tennessee. Even though the Union was victorious, they actually suffered more causalities than the loser Confederate states.

Next there was a second battle of Manassas which fought near the last location of battle and had the same result, being the both sides were BADLY prepared, but the Confederates were able to dig trenches and repel the Union. The bloodiest day of the civil war was the first Confederate push on Union soil, known as the battle of Antietam, 22,717 almost ended up being a Confederate victory, but the Union was just barely able to stop the Confederates from pushing into the North. Finally, to wrap up the first half of the war, the battle of Fredericksburg, one by the (soon-to-be) incredible Confederate general Lee. (but I mean, the victory didn’t really give any advantage over the Union)

The year of 1863 started well for the Union, announcing the Emancipation proclimation, stating that all slaves were to be set free, (even in the currently seceded South) thus allowing the North to nearly double it’s army with new recruits, however, a major loss for the Union happened at the battle of Chancellorsville, allowing Lee (who has recently been winning every battle he was in) and his powerful army to campaign into the North, this campaign had great promise, but ended at abruptly at the horrific battle of Gettysburg, a major Union victory, which was both the bloodiest battle in the Civil war, and the turning point for the Union side of the war.

Thanks to the battle of Gettysburg, the Confederacy was facing two problems: 1, they were really low on recruits from that battle’s causalities, and 2, the Confederacy’s army was split in half, the but the battle of Chickamauga was one last few battles that the Confederacy would win.

The battle of Cold Harbor (1864) was a well-earned defensive victory, but the battle’s success did not last, as general Sherman’s march on Atlanta and Savannah crippled whatever supplies the south had on their supply lines. The last hope of a comeback was Jubal Early’s campaign on Shenandoah valley but that also ended in failure.

Following the siege of Petersburg (it was less of a siege and more of campaign), union general Grant decided to try and finally end the civil war with the battle of Appomattox court house with a very short battle on the morning of April 9th of 1865, Lee thought that Petersburg’s failed defense would allow him to redeem himself, even though he would lose this battle, because his men were wearing out and the Yankees were really overwhelming, so Lee decided he would finally surrender. General Lee and general Grant officialy met after the battle to figure out the terms for peace and ending of the civil war.

The treaty was of great ceremony because of the deep respect for men on both sides. Grant provided extremely generous terms (given the circumstances) the Confederacy soldiers/officers/south were not tried for treason, and were allowed to keep their firearm’s, horses, and the Union provided the newly conjoined South food rations.

Posted in finance, school

Finance Essay- A Small Business I Could Run

The assignment for this week is due now: Write 300 words on an achievable idea for a small business you could run.

So for this week’s finance class, we have been learning about entrepreneurship (and how rich/middle class people have generally better habits than poor) and the obstacles and techniques that are unique about it. And believe it or not, I’ve already dipped my toes in to the entrepreneurship water, (and I don’t mean, start a lemonade stand!) and the business I created was pecan shelling/candying (although I also sell spiced pecan mixes), sadly, because of the current world situation, I haven’t been able to do anything with my business besides the one time in January I was able to take a spot (and make quite a bit of money) at a “young entrepreneur’s fair”, but ever since that, I haven’t been able to really do anything with my business, and I pretty much abandoned it some time in June, but what I’ve learned from it has been able to teach me about the main quirks and challenges unique to being an entrepreneur.

As for a business I could in the future, (I COULD always just revive my pecan business) an interesting idea I’ve had is to become a professional blogger and either monetize it so that I could make money off of you wonderful people, (or use it to further promote my own pecan business) because I mean, it kinda seems like people like what I write, so this would be a plausible way to make money in the near future.

As for a business where I could sell a non-digital product, my family just recently got a 3-d printer (one with quite a few bells and whistles) and although we have no where put it currently, when we have space I’m sure I could start selling 3-d printed models and figurines for the low-low price of a human child cheap.

Posted in history, school

History Review On The Kansas-Nebraska Act And John Brown’s Revolution

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: 1. Kansas-Nebraska Act and John Brown’s Rebellion 2. Abraham Lincoln 3. Beginning of Civil War

This week we studied we studied the development of the United States history from 1848-1860, we studied the presidents of that time and how they influenced the start of the Civil-war, however today I will be telling you about the Kansas-Nebraska act, and how it flopped when trying to compromise slavery vs anti-slavery.

The compromise/act was written by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, a young but unspoken senator from Illinois. The act allowed for “popular sovereignty” in the Kansas and Nebraska territory, which was supposed to bump-up the farming and development output from those areas. Popular sovereignty meant that the citizens of those territories would vote on whether those territories would be slave state or not, this caused a massive settlement outburst from both the north, (abolitionist, or anti-slavery territory) and south, (pro-slavery territory) to make sure that state joined their side. This rush turned to violence and the bleeding Kansas situation.

The bleed Kansas violence was caused by a large disagreement by a bunch of settlers going into Kansas. But the bloodiest part of the conflict was John Brown’s (a staunch abolitionist) raid/revolution. He and his men hunted down and killed 5 pro-slavery farmers in the Pottawatomie Massacre, sparking a series of retaliatory strikes from both sides. His plan to start a slave revolt throughout the states by breaking into a Federal armory (to arm his revolution’s members, who didn’t show up/join) failed, and only further split up the north and south. So because this is important (and I need to fill around 3 pages), here’s the details:

On Sunday night, October 16, 1859, at about 11 PM, Brown left four of his men behind as a rear-guard.(including his son) Brown’s men needed to capture the weapons and escape before word could be sent to Washington. The raid was going well for Brown’s men. They cut the telegraph line twice, to prevent communication in either direction: first on the Maryland side of the bridge; slightly later on the far side of the station, preventing communication with Virginia. The irony rolled in though as when a free black man was the first casualty of the raid: Heyward Sheperd, a baggage handler at the Harpers Ferry train station. He was shot from behind when he by chance encountered the first of the raiders, refused to freeze, and headed back to the station. The shot and a cry of distress were heard by physician Dr. John Starry, who lived across the street from the bridge and walked over to see what was happening. After he saw it was Shepherd and said he could not be saved, Brown let him leave. Instead of going home he started the alarm, having the bell on the Lutheran church rung, sending a messenger to summon help from Charles Town, and then going there himself, after having notified such local men as could be contacted quickly.

Brown had been sure that he would get major support from slaves ready to rebel; his followers said to a man that he had told them that. But they did not arrive, and Brown waited too long for them. Because by October 18th, a detachment of marines led by Robert E. Lee arrived and took charge of the situation, John Brown was soon captured and condemned for treason, and eventually executed.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If/Why What We Own Is Mostly Material Wealth

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 30-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour. Prompt: In this day and age, you must understand the overwhelming importance of owning unnecessary material. In the way we live now, you are not what you produce. You are what you buy. And outside of that which is found in a few aisles in the grocery and hardware stores, most of what you consume is totally unnecessary. –Adapted from James B. Twitchell, Living It Up: Our Love Affair with Luxury Topic: Is most of what people buy totally unnecessary?

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I think that almost everything we buy (especially in consumerist nations) are not at all necessary, but still important to our individual minds. I think that a minimalist life-style is extremely beneficial to mental health, and I know that there were studies done that show that having a cluttered house that has a ton of stuff can lead to headaches and increased aggression, SO THEN WHY DO WE BUY SO MUCH STUFF??!? my theory is that we humans find things so intriguing that if it seems new and novel, we’ll get it, even if you knew that if you bought that new device/toy/tool, you would only try it out for couple hours, get bored after a few days, and stuff it in your attic/closet/basement/garage/secret “stash”/etc. . Another reason I think people random junk is because of the classic “in” crowd idea, (or Fear Of Missing Out) because if everyone they know (or even don’t exactly know) buy it like hotcakes, they should too. (that also counts for when it’s literal garbage)

And now that we’re through that, it’s time to cover if most of what people buy IS even important. Now must things that are just entertainment are obliviously not important to life, but still vastly desirable to combat boredom and for entertainment. Tools are mostly necessary, while you might not need a new “laser-pointing, super accurate, nail-gun!” or a “new super blender ultra-smooth!”, you’ll definitely need cutting-knives and hammers. Clothe are considered a necessity in the modern world, but that doesn’t mean you should be buying a ton, I think all that’s really necessary is enough clothes to last you a week or two (or less) before needing to wash them. As for things like books, trinkets, and toys, I think that those kinds of things are what waste the most space, because you might never read a book more than once, (or heck, never finish it!) things like souvenirs are easily stashed and forgotten, (until there’s too many) and toys will be played with for at best a few months and then replaced (but not moved)

Posted in history, school

History Review On The Texas Revolution & The Alamo Battle

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics:1. Texas Revolution
2. Mexican-American War
3. California Gold Rush

Before Mexico won it’s independence from Spain in 1821, Mexico and Texas were both territories colonized by Spain. The Texas territory was called Spanish Texas and besides San Antonio, Texas had barely ANY population of Natives, Mexicans, and Americas. During the Mexican war for independence (1810-1821) the Texas territory was incorporated into Mexico. Overtime (to populate Texas) Americans were invited to settle Texas by the Mexicans, and by 1835, the Americans were very well established, the reason for this settling was just to fill the land, but to hopefully quell the Indian raids occurring constantly in the area.

But as the Americans took more and more land, they started to outnumber the Mexicans living in that area, and the government started to feel overwhelmed. So in 1830, the president of Mexico declared that they would accept no more American immigrants into the Texas territory. The government of Texas (still mostly Mexicans) took offense at of the president of the country interfering with their local matters.

So the impresarios, as the governors were called, held a convention in the year 1832, in which is considered to have been the first formal step towards the Texas revolution. And at this point now, there were 30,000 American-Texans and only 8,700 Mexican-Texans in that region. And by 1834, the Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, was having trouble consolidating control under himself and the country was at the brink of a war with itself. And even though it was small, the first recording of violence broke out in October 1835, but it would only be minor fights until up to the Alamo.

The siege of the Alamo:

The most well-known battle of the Texas revolution is the battle of the Alamo, The Alamo was an old Catholic Spanish mission fort near the city of San Antonio, left to ruin after the Mexican war for independence. There were only 100 soldiers garrisoned in the area as the Texans expelled most of the Mexican resistance in small skirmishes. But that all changed on February 23d, when as Santa Anna arrived with his army of 1,500 men, and settled in for a siege; and even more men arrived a week later, numbering about over 1,000 soldiers for the siege. (mind you, the Americans in the Alamo numbered about 100)

The siege continued for 13 days, when on March 6th, assaulted the small fort, the order he gave his men was to take no prisoners, and so all the men in the Alamo were eventually killed. Several famous American frontier heroes became legendary heroes from the brave fighting, these include:

  • Davy Crockett: A congressman and frontiersman (and falsely known for always wearing a coonskin hat)
  • Sam Bowie: creator of the Bowie-knife
  • William Travis: the commander of the garrison stationed in the Alamo

The old Alamo however is still standing outside of San Antonio to this day, and all though the fortifications were destroyed, the mission building is still intact as a monument to the men who fought for it.

Following the Alamo, there was only one other major fight, that was called the battle of San Jacinto, which was an incredible success for the American’s side, allowing them to win the war. After the loss, Santa Anna was forced to sign two “treaties of Velasco”: one treaty made sure all prisoners of war on both side were to be returned; and the other was that Mexico and the U.S. would never fight again, in exchange for Santa Anna’s life being spared. After that, the U.S. gained Texas as a state in 1836, and became the independent republic of Texas.

Posted in finance, school

Finance Essay On How Credit Card Debt Is Different From Other Debts

Write 300 words on American credit card debt, and how it compares to other forms of private debt (e.g., mortgages, vehicle loans, student loans). How has credit card debt changed over the last few years?

As we all know, nothing on this Earth is free. And when you can’t afford something, you can go to a bank and get what’s called a loan ,(where they give you money for now, but soon you’ll have to pay them back MORE) loans can be given for various things, and that includes things like housing, (mortgages) cars, (vehicle loans) and education (student loans) and they all different rates (or prices) that you are charged for when it’s time to pay, so for today, I will be looking at this cool type of loan, the (American) credit card loan, and comparing to how it’s different (for prices and why) to mortgages, vehicle loans, and student loans, and how it’s changed over the years.

Over the years, different payment plans and reward plans (what I call bait) for credit cards have been created. The different payment plans include things like: cards that have no annual fee, but MUCH higher interest rates. (or how fast your debt grows)
As for the rewards, these reward cards usually have normal interest rates AND annual fees, in exchange for “points” (or percentage) that reward you with things like merchandise, frequent-flyer airline trips, or just straight up more money, and rewards like these are the ways the credit card companies to get you to use their card and theirs and only to purchase things, the credit card company will still get a share of the merchant profit, making it a bit of a kick-back for you.

Now you see, mortgages, vehicle loans, and student loans all fall into the category of personal loans, and personal loans come in a lump sum. You have a predetermined amount of time to pay them off, usually between one and seven years. On top of interest, you might also have to pay application, origination, monthly or prepayment fees.
While credit cards are a revolving form of borrowing, so they can theoretically last a lifetime. There’s still a maximum on how much you can borrow each month and you still have to make at least a minimum monthly payment on your balance, credit cards charge annual fees but also come with interest-free grace periods, balance transfers and rewards.

Posted in english, school

Book Report On The Tale Of Two Cities & The Scarlet Pimpernel

Writing Assignment: Review the contents of A Tale of Two Cities and The Scarlet Pimpernel and take notes on the books. Make sure that you take notes on your favorite and least favorite parts of the book. Consider researching Charles Dickens and Emma Orczy to learn more about each author.

Part 1 A Tale of Two Cities:

A Tale of Two Cities is an 1859 historical novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution. The novel tells the story of the French Doctor Manette, his 18-year-long imprisonment in the Bastille in Paris and his release to live in London with his daughter Lucie, whom he had never met. The story is set against the conditions that led up to the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. The story is written and narrated by the one of the most well-known authors, Charles Dickens (who is also known for haven written A Christmas Carol and Oliver Twist). The genre of Two Cities is a Historical fiction about the French revolution. And in terms of historical fiction, It’s definitely a lot more accurate than a book like say, With Clive in India, which’s parts (that are confirmed in history) only sum up to 5 chapters. I think that Charles Dickens wrote this book to convey the foolishness and confidence the people of France and England were affected by during the French revolution.

Here’s a (not so quick, because the book’s so large) quick plot summary on A Tale of Two Cities:

(book one, Recalled to Life) *Dickens’ famous opening sentence introduces the universal approach of the book, the French Revolution, and the drama depicted within: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way—in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only. In 1775, a man flags down the nightly mail-coach on its route from London to Dover. The man is Jerry Cruncher, an employee of Tilson’s Bank in London; he carries a message for Jarvis Lorry, a passenger and one of the bank’s managers.

Lorry sends Jerry back to deliver a cryptic response to the bank: “Recalled to Life.” The message refers to Alexander Monette, a French physician who has been released from the Bastille prison after an 18-year imprisonment. Once Lorry arrives in Dover, he meets Dr. Monette’s daughter Lucie and her governess, Miss Pross. Lucie has believed her father to be dead, and faints at the news that he is alive; Lorry takes her to France to reunite with her father. In the Paris neighborhood of the Faubourg Saint-Antione, Dr. Monette has been given lodgings by his former servant Ernest Defarge and his wife Therese (also known as the knitting killer), owners of a wine shop. Lorry and Lucie find him in a small garret, where he spends much of his time making shoes – a skill he learned in prison – which he uses to distract himself from his thoughts and which has become an obsession for him. He does not recognize Lucie at first but does eventually see the resemblance to her mother through her blue eyes and long golden hair, a strand of which he found on his sleeve when he was imprisoned. Lorry and Lucie take him back to England.

(book two, The Golden Thread) In 1780, French emigrant Charles Darnay is on trial for treason against the British Crown. The key witnesses against him are two British spies, John Barsad and Roger Cly, who claim that Darnay gave information about British Troops in North America to the French. Under cross-examination by Mr. Stryver, the barrister defending Darnay, Barsad claims that he would recognise Darnay anywhere. Stryver points out his colleague, Sydney Carton, who bears a strong resemblance to Darnay, and Barsad admits that the two men look nearly identical. With Barsad’s eyewitness testimony now discredited, Darnay is acquitted. In Paris, the hated and abusive Marquise St Evermonde orders his carriage driven recklessly fast through the crowded streets, hitting and killing the child of Gaspard in Saint Antoine. The Marquis throws a coin to Gaspard to compensate him for his loss. Madame Defarge, having observed the incident, comes forth to comfort the distraught father, saying the child would be worse off alive. This piece of wisdom pleases the Marquis, who throws a coin to Defarge also. As the Marquis departs, a coin is flung back into his carriage.

Arriving at his country chateau, the Marquis meets his nephew and heir, Darnay. Out of disgust with his aristocratic family, the nephew has shed his real surname (St. Evrémonde) and anglicized his mother’s maiden name, D’Aulnais, to Darnay. The following passage records the Marquis’ principles of aristocratic superiority: “Repression is the only lasting philosophy. The dark deference of fear and slavery, my friend,” observed the Marquis, “will keep the dogs obedient to the whip, as long as this roof,” looking up to it, “shuts out the sky.” That night, Gaspard, who followed the Marquis to his château by riding on the underside of the carriage, stabs and kills him in his sleep. Gaspard leaves a note on the knife saying, “Drive him fast to his tomb. This, from JACQUES.” (get it? because Marquis killed his son by driving fast?) After nearly a year on the run, he is caught and hanged above the village well.

In London, Darnay asks for Dr. Manette’s permission to wed Lucie, but Carton confesses his love to Lucie as well. Knowing she will not love him in return, Carton promises to “embrace any sacrifice for you and for those dear to you”. Stryver considers proposing marriage to Lucie, but Lorry talks him out of the idea. On the morning of the marriage, Darnay reveals his real name and family lineage to Dr. Manette, a detail he had been asked to withhold until that day. In consequence, Dr. Manette reverts to his obsessive shoemaking after the couple leave for their honeymoon. He returns to sanity before their return, and the whole incident is kept secret from Lucie. Lorry and Miss Pross destroy the shoemaking bench and tools, which Dr. Manette had brought with him from Paris. As time passes in England, Lucie and Charles begin to raise a family, a son (who dies in childhood) and a daughter, little Lucie. Lorry finds a second home and a sort of family with the Darnays. Stryver marries a rich widow with three children and becomes even more insufferable as his ambitions begin to be realized.

Carton, even though he seldom visits, is accepted as a close friend of the family and becomes a special favorite of little Lucie. In July 1789, the Defarge’s help to lead the storming of the bastille as a symbol of royal tyranny. Defarge enters Dr. Monette’s former cell, “One Hundred and Five, North Tower,” and searches it thoroughly. Throughout the countryside, local officials and other representatives of the aristocracy are dragged from their homes to be killed, and the St. Veramonte château is burned to the ground. (However, to save you from spoilers, I will not list off the last book in the series, but Madame Defarge does almost kill Lucie and Dr. Manette)*

Now here are my thoughts on the Tale of Two Cities:

So I think A Tale of Two Cities is quite good, especially around the second book where most of the murders happen, BUUT, I dislike it’s sluggishness in plot, the fact that it spends two chapters about Madame Defarge’s way to keep her inner blood-lust towards aristocrats (knitting) and the general leeeength of the book.

I generally enjoy and recommend Charles Dickens’s works of literature, like A Christmas Carol, but I don’t think I’ll like some of his other book like Oliver Twist because of what I’ve heard about it, so I’d also recommend this book to anyone interested/reading about the French Revolution and it’s aftermath, how Charles Dickens thought of the Reign of Terror, and the morality of knitting all the time.

Part 2 The Scarlet Pimpernel:Who narrated the story? The story is narrated by all the characters swapping in and out between narrations. (because the book was written as playwright)

The Scarlet Pimpernel is the first novel in a series of historical fiction by Baroness Orczy, published in 1905. It was written after her stage play of the same title enjoyed a long run in London, having opened in Nottingham in 1903. The novel is set during the Reign of Terror following the start of the French Revolution. The book is narrated in first person swapping in and out between a few of the main characters. (because it’s a playwright)

The book’s genre is a mix between Action/Historical fiction, and Romance novel. However I think Two Cities portrays more HISTORY in historical fiction than this book does. Note the time period and location the book is set in. The time period is set (like A Tale of Two Cities) in the French Revolution, but because of the general chaos caused from constant execution attempts on the character’s lives, it puts more danger in the book than the first half of Two Cities.

Here is the plot of the scarlet pimpernel:

*The Scarlet Pimpernel is set in 1792, during the early stages of the French Revolution. Marguerite St. Just, a beautiful French actress, is the wife of wealthy English fop Sir Percy Blakeney, a baronet. Before their marriage, Marguerite took revenge upon the Marquis de St. Cyr, who had ordered her brother to be beaten for his romantic interest in the Marquis’ daughter, with the unintended consequence of the Marquis and his sons being sent to the guillotine. When Percy found out, he became estranged from his wife. Marguerite, for her part, became disillusioned with Percy’s shallow, dandyish lifestyle.

Meanwhile, the “League of the Scarlet Pimpernel”, a secret society of twenty English aristocrats, “one to command, and nineteen to obey”, is engaged in rescuing their French counterparts from the daily executions of the Reign of Terror. Their leader, the mysterious Scarlet Pimpernel, takes his nickname from the small red flower (a pimpernel 😉 he draws on his messages. Despite being the talk of London society, only his followers and possibly the Prince Of Wales know the Pimpernel’s true identity. Like many others, Marguerite is entranced by the Pimpernel’s daring exploits.

Later that night, Marguerite finally tells her husband of the terrible danger threatening her brother and pleads for his assistance. Percy promises to save him. After Percy unexpectedly leaves for France, Marguerite discovers to her horror (and simultaneous delight) that he is the Pimpernel. He had hidden behind the persona of a dull, slow-witted fop to deceive the world.

He had not told Marguerite because of his worry that she might betray him, as she had the Marquis de St. Cyr. Desperate to save her husband, she decides to pursue Percy to France to warn him that Chauvelin knows his identity and his purpose. She persuades Sir Andrew Ffoulkes to accompany her, but because of the tide and the weather, neither they nor Chauvelin can leave immediately. At Calais, Percy openly approaches Chauvelin in the Chat gris, a decrepit inn whose owner is in Percy’s pay. Despite Chauvelin’s best efforts, the Englishman manages to escape by offering Chauvelin a pinch of snuff, which turns out to be pure pepper. Through a bold plan executed right under Chauvelin’s nose, Percy rescues Marguerite’s brother Armand and the Comte de Tournay, the father of a schoolfriend of Marguerite’s. Marguerite pursues Percy right to the very end, resolute that she must either warn him or share his fate. Percy, heavily disguised, is captured by Chauvelin, who does not recognize him so he is able to escape.* (just like to Two Cities, however, I’m not going to show what happened in the last few chapters)

Here are my thoughts on The Scarlet Pimpernel:
I think the Scarlet Pimpernel was only okay, mostly because of the fact that I hate reading playwrights and trying to put all the Name ENTER: into actual grammar. I thought the action parts were okay, but I think it covered romance a bit much.

I would honestly rate A tale of Two Cities better than the Scarlet Pimpernel, simply because it’s also more believable as a work Historic Fiction, so I would have to give my final ratings for the Scarlet Pimpernel and A tale of Two Cities: 🟥🟥🍞🍞🍞 two scarlets out of three pumpernickels, and (cities:) 🧶🧶 🧶🏢🏢 three balls of yarn out of two cities.

But now to the good part: which books’ cast of characters could kill all the other book characters. (both of the other book, and their own!😈) To start off, I will look at most notable and dangerous characters, picking out the two best of both books and pitting them against each other, the last (I believe to be) still standing will have their be crowned, the super-spaghetti champion!

A tale of two cities candidates:

  • As for our first candidate, a peasant whose child got ran over, I have here Mr. Gaspard! I think he makes a great contender for the super spaghetti because of his ability to sneak into the Marquis’ chateau and kill undetected and sneak away and hide for a whole year before being found and executed. (he did still get executed though🤔)
  • And for our second candidate (and most likely) of a Tale of Two Cities, we have arguably the novel’s antagonist, Madame Defarge!! I automatically put her here because of her willingness to join in on the French revolution, the fact that she is presented as a more extreme and bloodthirsty personality than her husband Ernest, and I guess the fact that the book literally says she tries to murder the entire Monette family! (and somewhat succeeds) It is also stated that she has a companion “inside of Madame Defarge” that is referred to as her “shadow” and lieutenant, a member of the sisterhood of women revolutionaries in Saint Antoine, and a Revolutionary zealot. 👀

As for the candidates of a scarlet pimpernel, here they are (and I’m sort of disappointed):

  • For our first candidate I can’t give it to anyone else but Sir Percy Blakeney, aka, the scarlet pimpernel!! He is a wealthy English baron who rescues individuals sentenced to death by guillotine. He soon reveals himself to be a master of disguise, an imaginative planner, a formidable swordsman and a quick-thinking escape artist. With each rescue he taunts his enemies by leaving behind a card showing a small flower—a scarlet pimpernel. The identity of the Scarlet Pimpernel thus becomes a topic of widespread popular interest and the hero himself becomes the subject of an international manhunt by the French revolutionary authorities. I put him here for his amazing sword-play and quick-thinking, and even though he might be reluctant to fight people a less-than-just cause, I still think he makes a worthy contender.
  • And for our second contender, I will have to list the only other possible candidate, Chauvin. Chauvin is a ruthless, amoral patriot who firmly believes that the League of the Scarlet Pimpernel is a threat and a mockery to the French Republic, and uses his position incessantly to attempt to destroy or discredit the Pimpernel and his associates. He is described as dressing always in black. While he is depicted as being a small and physically weak man, he is extremely intelligent and cunning, able to manipulate those around him and devise elaborate plots. He is fearless concerning his own safety, except so far as his own incapacity or death might foil his plans. I think that Chauvin also makes a good candidate, except because of his weak strength, I don’t think he’d win in a fight against anyone in his own book AND two cities. (so that means he’d probably have to use less-than-honorable tactics.)

After looking through all the strengths and weaknesses (both physically and spiritually) and I have come up with the listing of all these candidates (from worst to best):

  1. Chauvin, so I’m go on limb and say that in the right battleground, he could be very powerful, because, if he was fighting in a room full of exploits, like unsteady chandeliers and any sort of high ground, he totally has a chance to win against anyone, but because I would these fights to happen in places that don’t have a lot of exploits and advantageous positions, his weakness and cowardly nature wouldn’t give him even a chance.
  2. Gaspard, I don’t honestly believe that Gaspard would do well in a fight location with little hiding spots, but I do think he’d actually be brave enough and willing to kill. (unlike Chauvin and Percy) but I do think, if he had the moment, he could win any of these battles in a flash. (and his sneak skills are up to 100)
  3. Sir Percy the Pimpernel, so this is actually the first person on the list who doesn’t need an advantage, because his fighting skills are superb with a rapier-blade, his quick thinking rivals Chauvin’s, and his general agility amazing. The one downside that makes him lose is the fact that he doesn’t have any willingness to kill, unlike the next one.
  4. Madame Defarge, so I know what you’re thinking, Digstar, why would you put a lady who knits all the time as number 1 (I guess 4) because of the fact that she has (and I think will) succeeded in killing 3 times (even though her attempt on Dr. Manette and Lucie’s lives had HER killed) I believe she’d still succeed in combat against all other combatants.

*thanks to Wikipedia 🙂

Posted in english, school

Book Report On With Clive In India

“With Clive In India” is a historical fiction book (where the book is based around an event of history, even if the stuff it says never happened) by the 19th century author G.A. Henty.

(Quick) Plot summary:

With Clive In India is about a young Englishman named Charley Marryat who’s father had just recently died while working in the navy, and because his mother doesn’t want HIM dying (I mean working) in the navy, she reluctantly sends Charley to work in the East India Company. Charley gets on a boat to India and eventually meets a man named Clive (who is tasked with taking over India for the E.I.C.) Charlie and the other main characters (Tim Kelley, Mr. Petters, and Hossein) are soon tasked with joining the fight for India and watching history take place, and throughout the book experiences a harrowing adventure with pirates and battles and bananananas.

Now, do I think the plot is exciting and quick or slow to develop? I think that the start of the book is rather sluggish to start (aka, the Britain and travel to India segment) I think the middle part of the book doesn’t continue the plot until a couple more chapters in, and I think the ending was postponed a couple chapters too long.

One thing I do enjoy is the way the characters are portrayed, because they are portrayed fairly well (in terms of originality): Clive is seen through out the book as a strong-minded individual with a drive to do something noteworthy in history, Tim Kelley try’s his hardest to get the best deal out of every situation, Mr. Peters continually has a nature to study India and it’s cultural differences. Hossein is boring, and lord Clive believes that India (and the other nations fighting for India) is a reluctant member of the British empire. What style does the author use in writing? G.A. Henty seems to specialize in having the characters narrate the parts of the chapter they interact most with. AKA 1st person narration.

Did I enjoy the story? I would have to say no, although I did enjoy a couple parts in the book, (more on that later) I think that G.A. is a bit of a slow and/or boring author and I don’t understand the appeal this book gets. I do think though that this book is very believable and convincing in terms of historical significance, all the characters act the way their real-world stereotypes would behave for that time, and Lord Clive definitely acts the way I think he would have, and I like that most to all of the battles that happen in the book did happen in history. (besides a couple pirate skirmishes)

Now despite the fact I seriously dislike most of this book, there were two(2) parts I actually enjoyed and here they are: number 1 Mr. Peter’s and Hossein’s argument over whether India’s bananas or British apples are superior, this winds up being a bit of a heated argument, so Tim Kelley ends their argument because they are attracting unwanted attention from the other restaurant patrons. (because they were eating at an Indian restaurant serving bananas) (this other part I only half-enjoyed) And here it is: so this part was earlier in the book during the boat-trip, when Charlie and the gang are attacked by pirates, and while most normal people would enjoy this part for the fight, I enjoy this for the fact that there was part where Charles is up at gun point by one pirate, and for a moment, I thought he was going to die. (he didn’t, sadly)

One thing to note is that this book is kind of click(read?)bait, because even though the book is called with CLIVE in India, it should really be called with CHARLEY in India, because Clive only plays a significant part for about 20-ish pages.

Would I recommend this book to a friend? No. (not my friends anyway) I think that this book is interesting to people who would like to kill time, have no other books that they like, and people that are studying the history of India and/or the life of Lord Clive.

Now weighing in all the variables and plot I like/dislike about this book, I would have to give this book the highest rating I think I can give it: (drum roll please……)🍌🍌🍌🍌🍌/🍎🍎🍎🍎🍎🍎 five bananas out of 10 apples. 🤔👌

Posted in history, school

History Essay On The Trail Of Tears (AKA The Indian Removal Act)

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: 1. Second Great Awakening 2. Westward Expansion 3. Trail of Tears 4. Inventions of the mid-1800’s

Under the argument of the philosophy “Manifest Destiny”, (an idea believed by the American settlers that they could and should settle all of the North American continent) the settlers had pushed the Indians/Native Americans out of their native lands for many years.

When George Washington was elected president, he suggested that the Native Americans be encouraged to join into the United States and adopt European ideals, and thus fit into settlers moving into their lands. But this problem still continued into the 19th century as the settler pushed westward. States like Ohio and Indiana were formed out of lands previously given to the Indians, but soon overrun with settlers.

In the deep south, there were still large portions of land that belonged to 5 “civilized” tribes, but it was as early as 1802, that Georgia had already begun asking for a relocation of the native Americans. Here are the 5 main tribes living in the deep south:

  1. The Cherokee
  2. The Choctaw
  3. The Seminole
  4. The Creek/Muscogee (they’re name changed a bit)
  5. And the Chickasaw

These Indians were only able to stay in they’re lands because they were in fact, adopting American customs and resisting relocators.

In 1829, Andrew Jackson made a speech in which he suggested a law be made to move the Indians westward, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act to move the remaining Indians to the west of the Mississippi river. This Indian Removal Act was made to be only a voluntary act for the Native Americans to decide. But all the surrounding nations around the Indian tribes put so much pressure that it felt a bit mandatory to agree on this removal.

See the source image
map of the Indians and the trails

Each of the Indian tribes ended up moving westward whether they wished to or not, and by 1842, nearly 75,000 Native Americans (and some sneaky fugitive slaves) had relocated to the land west of the Mississippi, they land they received as compensation was west of the Arkansas territory and became “the Indian territory” remaining under Indian control for many years.

Finally in 1907, The Oklahoma Enabling Act combined the Oklahoma territory and the Indian territory into to what is known as the Texas hat. (Oklahoma)

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If Quick Judgements Are Better Than Thoughtful Decisions

Writing Assignment: Write a 1- page essy on the following prompt and topic. Start a 40-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour. Prompt: In decision making, we usually follow a reasoned process: weighing pros and cons, talking things over with a friend, and drawing on our past actions and experiences. In snap judgments–decisions that we make on the spot, with no reflection beforehand–we do not follow such methodical decision-making process. Everything tells us that relying on snap judgments is unwise. We make such decisions, however, because they ultimately work out better than decisions to which we give a lot of thought. Topic: Are snap judgments better than decisions to which people give a lot of thought?

I honestly feel like “snap” judgements are just not worth it in the end simply because we lack proper judgement for the decision/answer for the situation you are in, and because of the lack of actual knowledge on the situation, you could wind up regretting your judgement. (also why do I feel like I’ve already wrote an essay on this before?)

However, just because “snap” judgements are not always worth it compared to thought-out answers, does not mean there is not such a time for them; there could be a chance where you’d be out with a friend and they ask you a non-quizzical question about something you have no knowledge of, rather than taking time to think and making things awkward, you could just answer with your gut. (or, now that I think of it, just say “I don’t know”) This could go the same for a question you do not have time to answer, rather than just a question you have clues about.

But in all seriousness, I think that having a more thought-out judgment is better than making a rash and “snap” judgement, even if there are instances where such “thought-out judgments” are actually un-realistic.

Posted in finance, school

2 For 1 Finance Essay On How Usury Laws Affect Your Money

Assignment part 1:

  • Go to Bankrate.com, and find the daily overnight average interest rate for all variable rate credit cards.
  • Based on this interest rate, calculate the amount of interest you would pay on a $600 initial credit card balance over six months if the interest is compounded monthly.
  • Use the formula from last week and show your work
    (Assignment 1: FV = P(1+0.1/6)^6*0.5
    FV= about $630.50

Assignment part 2:
Write 300 words concisely explaining one government regulation affecting interest rates, and give a brief opinion on the regulation.

This lesson has taught me more about the questionable things the government does and not only because I look out for my rights and interests, but because they (the “they” people) say that these rules/laws are better there then not. (When really it was mainly created for the money that the government gets in from the people of America.)

Usury laws are regulations that control the amounts of interest that can be charged on a loan. They typically benefit consumers because they can protect people from being robbed when paying interest.

In the U.S., the individual states are responsible for setting up their own usury laws, but if they are unconstitutional, the federal government can get involved. Usury laws are very important when it comes to protecting the people, but as a federal law, there is always a chance for it to be corrupted for financial gain.

Lets say that there are always two sides to any story, and both can be considered right depending on opinion; say for instance, the people would like low-interest rates because they value their money, and it’s their money that they’re using to pay for things, but banks want high interest-rates because it gets them more profit, thus neither side can both get their way and both be happy. In conclusion, I think usury laws are OK as long as they are fair to the people and constitutional, but like anything that has to do with money, there’s always a way for it to become and unjust and unlawful. Protectionism has been known to play a part in usury laws, but hopefully, these types of incidents can and will soon be corrected.

I hope that this is very informing to all you people who read this, and I at least think this is very eye-opening on the power government has over things like the economy and loans.

Posted in finance, school

Finance Review On The Difference In Rates For Different Loans

Assignment due today: “Why interest rates are different for different kinds of loans” – Check Bankrate.com or another site for current rates on different types of loans. – Home loans, car loans, student loans, and credit card loans all have different rates. Rates are different for different terms (lengths). – Find out why, and explain as though you are teaching someone else about this. – 400 words

So when you look at different kinds of loans, you notice how different types of loans have different rates of interest, (or growth in debt overtime) and you also see that there are different types of interest, for today’s essay, I will be telling you, (the lucky reader) why there’s a difference.

(the interest types) When you look at the types of loans, you see that they’re are two different types of interest, Simple (which is determined only on the loan’s principle amount) and Compound. (which is calculated based on the principal and the current interest you have earned) So for the amount of loan that you have, you would have to calculate it by using the Simple interest formula, and you’d be getting Compound interest the more loans and interest you have. Consumers commonly take on loans to finance home purchases, education, debt consolidation and general living expenses. For the growing small business, loans are available for working capital, equipment, real estate, expansion, and inventory purposes. The most common consumer loans come in the form of installment loans. These types of loans are dispensed by a lender in one lump sum, and then paid back over time in what are usually monthly payments.

(Now for the different types of loan interests) So to cover this part, I’m going to look through the main 4 loans I could think of, and compare them to their closest counterpart.

House Loans VS Car Loans
Car loans have higher interest rates then house loans since cars lose value much more quickly than houses. Cars break down often, and eventually even shut down. Houses on the other hand last much longer. Even though there will be some issues over the years with a house when it comes to repairs, a house still lasts much longer than a car and a houses value does not go down that easily. When you drive a car from the car dealer the day you buy it, its value will go down by a pretty large percentage. So it’s just more logical for a banker/loan maker to charge higher on cars than houses.

Medical Loans VS Student Loans
Now, medical loans have less interest than student loans because there is a really high demand for money for education at a ridiculously over-priced college, while the only time someone usually needs a medical loan is when they get in life-risking accident and don’t the money or insurance to pay for they’re hospital bill. So because there is a higher demand for student loans, loan services and banks charge more interest on a student loan than a medical loan.

Posted in history, school

History Essay On The Life Of John Quincy Adams

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: Summarize the life and career of one of the presidents discussed this week: 1. James Monroe 2. John Quincy Adams 3. Andrew Jackson

John Quincy Adams served as the 6th president of the United States of America, and was the first president to be the son of a former president and serve only term. (he also was the first president to serve as a member of the House of Representatives)

Born in the year 1767, he did not attend school as a child, but was instead under the private tutelage of his cousin and father’s law clerk. Beginning at the age of 11, John Quincy accompanied his father on numerous business trip all around Europe, (although he also spent time in Russia, Denmark, Sweden and Finland) along the journey, he also had the opportunity to expand his education at the Leiden university in the Netherlands; and Adams did soon return to America and attend the Harvard university and he graduated in 1797 with a B.A. (bachelor of arts) and 1790 with an M.A. (master of arts)

George Washington was so impressed with John Quincy’s education that he appointed him as the ambassador to the Netherlands at just the age of 26, and while he wasn’t exactly interested about this position, he reluctantly accepted, but he actually met his future wife, Louisa Catherine Johnson, in one of his travels. After his appointment to the Netherlands, he was appointed as minister to Portugal in 1796, and Washington actually said that John Quincy was the most important of America’s official’s abroad, and John Quincy finally came to turns with a life of public service at around this time.

John Quincy Adams continued in public service and was appointed Secretary of State by current president Monroe, and it was a common occurrence (at the time) for the Secretary of State to be the next president, but it was actually quite difficult for John Quincy to become president because of the 1812 veteran Andrew Jackson (they actually had to have the house of representatives decide the vote)

Adam’s acts as president included:

  • Adams first proposed internal development of the United States (he was probably tired of increased foreign interactions)
  • He proposed a high Tariff to help support his road building and canal construction projects (this high Tariff was increasingly unpopular with Jackson supporters)
  • And he also supported Indians in they’re claim to land, refusing to displace them of their lands

After losing to Andrew Jackson in the election of 1829, Adams was elected into the house of representatives for the last 17 years of his life, even persisting through several strokes, during that time he fervently for non-involvement with the war with Mexico, and constantly supported the abolition of slavery, he eventually died two days after suffering a severe stroke.

He was widely respected for his diplomatic skills as a diplomat and Congressman, serving most of his life in some form of government or another.

Posted in english, school

English Class Book-Report On Out On The Pampas

Writing Assignment: Make a mind map and outline for the topic you chose in yesterday’s lesson.

Seen as last week’s assignment was a character review on 20,000 leagues (under the sea), I will not be doing a character review for Out On The Pampas, but instead a plot summary.

Time for the plot Summary!!1!!!!!

Out on the pampas was written by G. A. Henty, and it is about a family of six named the Hardy’s, (they had in them two adults and four children) the children’s names were, Maud, Ethel, Charlie and Hubert. Their father had told them that they were going to move to South America and raise some animals there and he told them that Maud and Ethel were going to learn how to cook and sew and lots of other things they would need to know, and the boys were going to learn how to shoot guns and grow crops, so they all started learning about them. After a year had passed they took all their belongings and got aboard the ship they were going in to get to south America. After quite a while, there hadn’t been any storms and all the children (especially the boys) were telling their parents that they hoped there would be a storm while they were on the ship, and the captain, who was walking by them, said that they were in luck because it looked like there was going to be a really bad storm a little later, and sure enough there was a big storm and they all got sea-sick from being tossed around so much. (but I mean, they WERE asking for it) When they finally got to South America, they stayed at a hotel for the night and then the boys and their father went to the land they were going to build their house at, with a few people that they hired to come and help them. After they built the house, the girls came to stay there with them.
Once, while they were there, they were attacked by Indians, but they were able to keep them off and they killed quite a few of them, and wounded a couple of them also, so they helped them to recover and when they finally were better, and they even sent them away with their arrows and bows! (which really must have surprised the Indians) And even though it’s not said that the Hardy’s property was attacked again, their friend’s property was attacked and unfortunately, Ethel had stayed over there for the night; (you can see where this is going) the Hardy’s were delivered the message via messenger and of course were distressed. However, they began to hope that terrible as it would be, Ethel had been carried off alive. They recruited men to help them recapture Ethel from the Indians. After some hardships, the men found one of the Indians who was on good terms with the Hardy family as they had saved his life. He of course, left them with a signal to help find where the Indians had taken Ethel for them saving his life, and they located the Indian village where Ethel was located; and with the help of the kind Indian, recaptured Ethel. Now, when it was found out that Ethel was the daughter of the “white Chief,” anger ensued towards her. This was probably because of the loss of lives which the Hardy’s had made when they tried to protect themselves. However, before they could kill her or even just plain hurt her, she was saved by the three of the Indians whose lives had been spared by her family. While they had rescued Ethel, the rescue operation had caused a sort of stir (well, more than “sort of”). A fight followed in which many died – including the death of two of their comrades. There were also many wounded, and Charley got most of his face cut open! (and for a second I thought he would die, he didn’t) The Hardy’s, now much older than they were when they arrived (and a good bit wealthier) made plans. These plans included that the girls and their Mother would leave to go back to England. Two years later Frank followed them and made England his permanent home, although he may have come back from time-to-time to visit Charley and Hubert (who were now running the range). As time went on, all four of the children, who had now become young adults, were married.

My thoughts

So, while this is considered one of the more exciting books that G.A Henty has written, I still find G.A a fairly boring author, (although the chase part was still a bit exciting) and while I really, really wished I could’ve like this book more, I can only give this book ✨✨🌟⭐⭐ 2&1/2 stars out of five. 🤷‍♂️😒

Posted in english, school

Timed English Essay On If Passion Is Worth It

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 40-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within that half hour. Prompt: Many people believe that one must care very deeply about something in order to do it well. Passionate commitment, they argue, is a characteristic of every great achiever in history. But caring very deeply about something can cloud one’s judgment and make it difficult to think clearly. More can be accomplished, in fact, with cool detachment. It is usually those who remain emotionally detached from their tasks who achieve the most. Topic: Is it better to care deeply about something or to remain emotionally detached?

I think that the answer to this question depends on the category of the work/hobbies/ideas, but I sill think that passion is a good thing if you can’t do it well enough with skill alone. (and that doesn’t include natural talent)

But when is passion good or bad? good question, and allow me to list and explain what is good and what is not about passion for work, play, or thinking. First off, I think passion for work is kind of a middle-ground, becuase it depends on the job, (and how much you like it) like say, working as a cash registrar won’t really get help from passion (and who’s gooing to be passionate about working at the checkout-isle of a Walmart anyway?) but it WILL take actual drive and passion to become a cook/computer programmer, and even more so will you need passion to study for and even want such a job like a civil engineer.

Passion for hobbies is extremely necessary, because if you don’t have a passion for things such as stamp colletcing/roller-skating/basebal/knitting, you just won’t do it all, the only reason you make a hobby of something you don’t like is for most likely: other people tellling/forcing you to, ortherwise, hobbies and passion are like peanut butter & jelly.

As for ideas, I think that passion is once again subjective, because if you are too passionate about an idea, you may sugar-coat it when thinking about it or telling it to others, but if your not passionate about an idea at all, you just won’t think about it.

Posted in english, school

History Review On The War Of 1812

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: Summarize the history of one of the following topics discussed this week:

  • 1. History of Washington D.C.
  • 2. James Madison
  • 3. The War of 1812

Before the year of 1783, the British saw the colonies of America as their private property and that they could do what ever they wanted with them, but even after the year of 1783 (and the revolutionary war) they still treated the United States almost like a little brother, and that they could still mess around with them, several examples of such were made by the British, like impressing Americans into joining the royal navy, arming natives to halt westward expansion, and capturing and/or negating American trade-ships.

In the 1790’s the United States and the French fought the Quasi-war for the rights of Americans to sail their ships unmolested, and while that conflict did not spark any wars, the differences with Britain were much different, because in order for America to not trade supplies to Napoleon’s France, the British had to force American trade ships to trade with other nations or be captured. (which they did)

Though several embargos were created to try and stop a war with Britain, these self-restrictions of trade really took a toll on America, so a new group of young politicians called the “War-hawks” started to encourage the start of war, and the War-hawks won their case and war was declared against Britain in 1812 by Congress.

Some of the reasons the War-hawks had for war was the possibility of adding Canadian territory to the U.S. and the chance to prove that the United States were in fact independent to Britain; but of course to do either, the U.S. needed to beat Britain’s navy (because to conquer Canada, one side needed to keep control of the Great Lakes) so of course, many naval skirmishes were fought on the Great Lakes, and ownership changed of the lakes were fought frequently. (but no one seemed to keep such an advantage)

Until 1814, the war didn’t really have any major battles or victories, mainly because Britain was still investing into the Napoleonic war, and so finally in 1814, (after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo) they finally had all the resources they needed to face off in the war of 1812, they went and sent their strongest armies and navy fleets to defeat the United States. So, as you can imagine, the British were able to actually storm the capital of the U.S, (Washing D.C) even going so far as to burn the White House (although it wasn’t white at the time) and the government was forced to flee.

After their success in Washington D.C., the British moved northward towards Baltimore, (which was an important ship building/repair port for the Americans) and the British navy wanted to cut off the Americans from it, the only thing to protect was a for named fort McHenry, which the British set up a fleet of 20 boats to capture it. However, despite a 25-hour barrage, the for still stood it’s ground, and even flying it’s flag the whole time. (one reason the fort still remained intact was the constant-rain that slowed artillery fire)

The treaty of Ghent was signed in the end of 1814 resulting in a Status Quo Antebellum (the state existing before war) so all land captured was returned as it was. (but there’s one more thing!) because new traveled slowly in that time, the British navies and American armies that were not informed of treaty were still fighting, and the British fleet was going to try capture Louisiana, but because of the Revolutionary-veteran Andrew Jackson, the American armies were able to successfully defend Louisiana, only losing 333 men on their side compared to the 2,164 men lost by the British.

Posted in english, school

Character Summary On 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea

Writing Assignment: Finish outlining and reviewing the characters of 20,000 Leagues Under The Seas. Then write a rough draft of your book report.

Part 1- Small summary of 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea

During the year 1866, ships of various nationalities sight a mysterious sea monster, which, it is later suggested, might be a gigantic narwhal. The U.S. government assembles an expedition in New York City to find and destroy the monster. Professor Pierre Aronnax, a French marine biologist and the story’s narrator, is in town at the time and receives a last-minute invitation to join the expedition; he accepts. Canadian whaler and master harpooner Ned Land and Aronnax’s faithful manservant Conseil are also among the participants.

The expedition leaves Manhattan’s 34th St. Pier aboard the U.S. Navy frigate Abraham Lincoln, then travels south around Cape Horn into the Pacific Ocean. After a five-month search ending off Japan, the frigate locates and attacks the monster, which damages the ship’s rudder. The three protagonists are hurled into the sea and ultimately climb onto the monster itself, which they are startled to find is a futuristic submarine. They wait on the deck of the vessel until morning, when they’re captured, hauled inside, and introduced to the submarine’s mysterious manufacturer and commander, Captain Nemo. The rest of the novel describes the protagonists’ adventures aboard the Nautilus, which was built in secrecy and now roams the seas beyond the reach of land-based governments.

In self-imposed exile, Captain Nemo seems to have a dual motivation: a quest for scientific knowledge and a desire to take revenge on terrestrial civilization. Nemo explains that his submarine is electrically powered and can conduct advanced marine research; he also tells his new passengers that his secret existence means he can’t let them leave — they must remain on board permanently. Eventually of course, they escape off to an island in Norway, but the submarine’s fate remains, still unknown.

Part 2- Captain Nemo

First, let’s introduce captain Nemo—also known as Prince Dakkar, is one of the best known antiheroes in fiction. Remaining somewhat of a mysterious figure, he is the son of an Indian Raja and a scientific genius who roams the depths of the sea in his submarine, the Nautilus. Nemo tries to project a stern, controlled confidence, but he is driven by a thirst for vengeance and a hatred of imperialism focused on the British Empire. He is also wracked by remorse over the deaths of his crew members and even by the deaths of enemy sailors.

Nemo avoids dry land, except when it’s uninhabited, as with Antarctica and desert islands. In keeping with his contempt for the nations of the surface, he uses no products that are not marine in nature, be it food, clothing, furnishing, or even tobacco. Little is revealed about his political opinions except an almost maniacal hatred of oppression, with which he identifies all the imperialistic nations of the world. He therefore identifies himself with those oppressed, be they Cretans rising against the Turks, Ceylonese pearl divers, or even black whales attacked by sperm whales. When Professor Aronnax alleges that Nemo violates maritime and international law by sinking war-ships, Nemo responds that he is merely defending himself from his attackers, and that the laws of the world on the surface no longer apply to him. In one scene, Nemo exclaims:

“On the surface, they can still exercise their iniquitous laws, fight, devour each other, and indulge in all their earthly horrors. But thirty feet below the (sea’s) surface, their power ceases, their influence fades, and their dominion vanishes. Ah, monsieur, to live in the bottom of the sea! …. There I recognize no master! There I am free!”

He has a comprehensive knowledge of marine biology, and it is his respect for Professor Aronnax’s expertise in the field which led to his befriending the professor when the latter was cast upon the Nautilus.

Part 3- Professor Aronnax

A doctor from France, Professor Aronnax provides the scientific mind and explanation behind the many wonders of the deep experienced throughout the novel. Compassionate, knowledgeable and with impeccable manners, Aronnax is torn between his love of knowledge and the his feelings for the victims of Nemo’s tactics of revenge. Given full permission to use the many pieces of scientific equipment aboard the Nautilus to study the new underwater world put before him, Aronnax has a hard time figuring out the mysterious Nemo and his marvels, but longs to return with the knowledge he experiences on the Nautilus. Aided by his trusty assistant, Conseil, Aronnax epitomizes a French professor from 1867.

Part 4- Conseil

Faithful, courageous and the trusted assistant to Aronnax, Conseil is an element of youthful wonder aboard the Nautilus. Described by Verne in the novel: “Conseil was my servant, a true, devoted Flemish boy, who had accompanied me in all my travels. I liked him, and he returned the liking well. He was quiet by nature, regular from principle, zealous from habit, evincing little disturbance at the different surprises of life, very quick with his hands, and apt at any service required of him; and, despite his name, never giving advice–even when asked for it.

Part 5- Conclusion

In conclusion, while captain Nemo is a vicious scientific genius who will attack other ships with his giant submarine, he still cares deeply about the sea and those who sail it by; and while the ways professor Aronnax still is ashamed by the captain’s rash acts of revenge, he still respects his pursuit of knowledge and love of the sea.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On Cooperation = Good

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Start a 45-minute timer after reading the topic below and finish writing the essay within around that half hour. Prompt: Many thoughtful people have said that cooperation brings out the best in people and leads to success in almost all endeavors. There is a limit, however, to the value of cooperative behavior, since such behavior may suppress people’s willingness to be creative and to stand out from the crowd. Too often, cooperating means going along with the group even if that is not necessarily the best way. Topic: Does working with others lead to better results than acting as an individual?

Short answer, I would have to say that working with others is often a whole lot better than working alone, even if it can make you suffer through other human beings and (maybe) a loss of personal creativity. (but mind you, I am more extraverted than introverted, and working as an individual might be better off for introverts)

Why working individually is better than acting as a team (aka the cons of cooperation): working individually, while it is often overlooked by society, actually has a few upsides, the most noticeable being the fact that you’re working alone, thus eliminating all other annoying human beans, plus the fact that you are allowed to put your own unique spin on things, and are allowed to be your own boss. However, there are some very visible downsides: 1, you are once again, working alone, eliminating all other helpful human beings, 2, you are going to have all the work to yourself (With no one to share it with), and 3, working alone takes a toll on your social skills and mental health. So all in all, working individually can be very good, but the pros don’t top the pros of cooperative work, and the cons sink it down faster a iceberg to a titan-sized boat.

Why working as a team is better than acting as an individual (aka the pros of cooperation): Now while working individually is good, working cooperatively as a team is much better, and here’s why; first of all you get to split the work among each other (usually) equally, you get to sprinkle in the best skills of everyone on your group/team, AND you can work with other humans, and in a cooperative setting, will boost your mental health and social skills; the only problems with working as a team is the possibility of A, you losing a creative edge, B, your teammates pull little weight, and C, everyone will work towards the wrong goal, and thus you might work in the opposite direction.

Final thoughts: soooo, in the summary, while working individually will give you creative edge and total control, cooperative work while make work easier on yourself and other + cover your own weaknesses.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If The Squeaky Wheel Gets The Grease?

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Set a timer for 30 minutes. Start the timer when you finish reading the prompt and stop writing when the timer is finished. Prompt: There is an old saying, “The squeaky wheel gets the grease.” Simply put, this means that people who make their needs or desires known by making noise–that is, by complaining–are the ones who get what they need or want. But nobody likes a squeaky wheel: the complainer may get what he or she wants, but only at the risk of being perceived unfavorably.. Topic: Should we complain to get what we want?

I think that people don’t often have or need to complain or things on a small scale, like say ask for a new football or video game, but on a large scale like say, more/less freedom of transport from the government, all the people that wanted it would probably have to start protesting about it or at least get together and send like a petition to pass a law on it. (heck, the 13 colonies of America started a revolution against Britain because of taxes)

So as I was saying about whether or not complaining is what matter between get what you want, I DO NOT think that complaining is good on a small scale, because you appear whiny and childish when you do it, and that can ruin your reputation as a big complainer; BUT you still could also be in the right for complaining about something that is not fair/just towards you. So really, it depends on whether or not you are complaining about something unfair or just something uncomfortable/inconvenient.

Secondly, I think that complaining about something on a larger scale is much more just than it’s smaller scale counterpart, but once again, it depends a little on what you’re complaining about, if say you’re complaining about store’s high prices, just go to another store, because there should be a store that has cheaper prices right? (same thing goes for quality, service, and just about all other things) but what I think you can complain about is if a business denies you’re rights or beliefs, which (I believe) is incredibly unjust.

Posted in history, school

History Review On The French Revolution

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: Summarize the history of one of the major topics discussed this week: 1. The French Revolution 2. The Life of Napoleon 3. The Louisiana Purchase/Lewis and Clark

Before we start with the French revolution, we first need to talk about the monarchy that caused the revolt.

First known as the Ancien Regime, in 1789 France had the longest continual monarchy of any monarchy in Europe. France got it’s first king in 917, with the election of Hugh Capet, his descendants, the Capetian dynasty, continued to rule until the French Revolution. (the name got changed to Ancien Regime to describe the authority of the 1th-18th century) However, around the time the Ancien Regime had been dubbed, a new philosophy had been created towards monarchies. In the feudal arrangements of the middle ages, the people served the king, but the king served the needs of the people, but the new philosophy, called the “divine right of kings”, put the king at the top of the system by divine appointment, that way he was only accountable to God for his actions; the divine right of kings led to many abuses in power across Europe, but France was most likely the worst.

(and now we get to the start of the French revolution)

The monarchy and Clergy were oppressing the people The people staged riots, but those were vastly unorganized. The king called for a meeting between the people and monarchy in 1789, but no one could agree on a solution. And inspired by the American revolution, the people rebelled and started the “National Assembly” this sparked the French revolution and violence between peasants and nobility broke out across the country. The king and nobles were forced to go along with the laws of the National Assembly.

But soon a group of people sought to destroy the monarchy entirely snuck into the National Assembly, Louis XVI (the current monarch) was put on trial for crimes against his subjects. He was executed in 1793, which caused quite a stir among other European nations

Soon France was surrounded with declarations of war from all the anti-French revolution country. Then around 1793-1794 a man named Robespierre led the National Assembly to pass a law that could execute anyone they thought a royalist, this of course, led to thousands of unjust executions.

Then in mid-1794, the mass executions were overturned thanks to event known as the Therminoderan Reaction. The National Assembly was reestablished as the Directory of establishment, the directory led the country (but did not pass any laws) from late 1794 to early 1799; before finally dubbing Napoleon Bonaparte as dictator.

Posted in english, school

Timed Essay On If Independence Is Actually Good?

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Set a timer for 45 minutes. Start the timer when you finish reading the prompt and stop writing when the timer is finished. Prompt: “Independence? That’s middle class blasphemy. We are all dependent on one another, every soul of us on earth.” Bernard Shaw expected to provoke controversy with these words, but I would agree with him that these days there is too much emphasis on independence. While it is certainly true that excessive dependence on others is not a sign of maturity, total independence of others is neither attainable nor desirable: we need to be mature, and unselfish enough to recognize our interdependence. Topic: Do we put too much emphasis on self-reliance and independence, and are we afraid of admitting that we need other people in our lives?

Short answer: (and like I’ve answered to a lot to these types of essays) I would have to say both yes and no this question, because while independence from government and the general public is very much a good thing, I do think that you should still be able to depend on your family. (and maybe you’re friends if it’s not very selfish/greedy dependence)

On to why Dependence is a good (and bad) thing: dependence can be a very good thing, (in my opinion) mutual dependence is probably the best form of dependence, and is the basic necessities of business, because the seller/store wants money, while the patron/customer wants _____ (insert X product here) Another good thing about dependence is that provides a necessity for other humans to work, and can generally bring humans together. The worst thing (and most obvious thing) about dependence, is that it can be extremely bad to have total dependence to one power (like the government) and then while that power CAN give you what you want, it can also do the opposite of what you want, and in some cases, you would be powerless against it. (also, like I covered above, selfish/greedy dependence to friends can be extremely toxic and draining to said friends)

Now here is why Independence is a good (and bad) thing: in my opinion, independence is mostly a very good thing, for the most part, it’ll basically prevent what dependence’s problem with government has; AND independence can be really good, because you have no ties to anything/anyone and are free to do whatever you want. The only problems with independence I can see is the possible lack of any human cooperation, and this is what could possibly end a whole lot of business. (not that’d be a bad thing, considering everyone would be independent of one another) except there is isn’t any real possible way of true and complete independence. (at least right now, anyway)

Anyway, I think that both dependence and independence can only be truly “good” when put together, and that both have their own ups and downs.

Posted in school, science

SAR Review On Medical Kits

Assignment: Read this medical kit review from Equipped.com. Explain which medical kit you would purchase now or in the future. Why? 50 words.

So because I am learning about SAR equipment this week, I got to learn about about survival med kits, and because of that, my assignment today is to look at different types of med kits and talk about one that I would want, and why.
Out of all the med kits I looked at on some survival websites, I really like the DASH kit, which is the fairly small, yet lightweight med kit, which has fair amount of extra storage space and all the necessities for a hike that is 2-4 hours away from medical attention; however I will probably not be purchasing it or any other med kits for personal use in the near future.

Posted in school

Time Essay On If Good Advice Is Always Welcome

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Set a timer for 60 minutes. Start the timer when you finish reading the prompt and stop writing when the timer is finished. Prompt: There is usually a kernel of truth in the words Oscar Wilde puts in the mouth of his most outrageous characters — they wouldn’t be funny otherwise. One such gem that is worth pondering is: The only thing to do with good advice is to pass it on. It is never of any use to oneself. Topic: Is it true that when we most need advice we are least willing to listen to it? Or is good advice always welcome?

As how I always start essays like this, I will give a short answer, and my short answer is that good advice is NOT always welcome, even if it might be quite helpful. (I have personal experience on that in fact)

Now good advice is always helpful, (it wouldn’t be GOOD advice if it wasn’t good after all) but just because it’s helpful, doesn’t you want it. Now we all know that sweets aren’t good for you, but if you had a really big sweet tooth, and say you’re doctor or friends told you to cut down on sweets (and you needed to) you wouldn’t enjoy hearing such truth.

Another reason good advice might not be gladly welcomed is in cases of back-seat driving, (and not just for driving, but back-seat anything!) because even if you know what your doing, you might be considered as extremely annoying for not shutting up about what to do. (video game tutorials *cough cough*)

Another reason that advice is never welcome is micro-managing, where not only do you give non-stop “advice” but you start telling (sometimes forcing) exactly how to do it, this is often how my mom was (and for my little brothers is) with the homeschool curriculum we had for the earlier grades before RPC, and believe me, it was not fun at all. (I guess it’s kind of like back-seat driving, but more aggressive)

In conclusion, while good advice is always helpful, it does not mean it is easily accepted, and that it should be used more sparingly and considerately.

Posted in school

SAR Review On Layering And Heat Transfer

Assignment: Read Layering Guide and describe in 150 words Heat Transfer and Layering

Seeing as most SAR missions occur in cold areas like ski resorts and mountain parks, so that means that SAR rescue teams should know how to dress for the weather.

The first thing to know about Heat Transferring is that it is how you’re clothes control your body temperature, and there’s three types of air transfers:

1. Dead air space- which is trapped air between two materials,

2. Wind- which has moving air passing which will aid air transfers from your body,

3. Moisture- because water conducts heat fast, you’ll want to use non-cotton materials that are moisture resistant. (because cotton is water absorbent)

The other thing to know about is layering. When it comes to staying comfortable in the great outdoors, layering is easily one of the best methods for adapting quickly to changing weather conditions.

If you’re a search and rescue unit out on a mission in the cold, knowing how to layer properly will help you avoid being too hot or too cold.

Posted in school

Timed Essay On Whether Or Not There Is Time For Rash Decisions

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Set a timer for 90 minutes. Start the timer when you finish reading the prompt and stop writing when the timer is finished. Prompt: A man who waits to believe in action before acting is anything you like, but he is not a man of action. It is as if a tennis player before returning the ball stopped to think about his views of the physical and mental advantages of tennis. You must act as you breathe.” –Georges Clemenceau Topic: Is it true that acting quickly and instinctively is the best response to a crisis? Or are there times when an urgent situation requires a more careful consideration and a slower response?

So to answer this question shortly, I think that a slower and more careful consideration of an urgent situation is almost always better than a rash decisions, as long as no one is in any sort of direct danger, and there is actual time to think.

Now the reason that careful and considerate thinking is better than instinct/rash thinking: you don’t really know what you’re doing and what you’ll do after a rash action, and might even be in more of a pickle afterwards; but with some thought put into it, you’d mostly likely know just what to do for a situation.

Now as for when rash thinking will always win out over careful thinking is: emergencies with actual danger; because if you take too long thinking you/some else might end up seriously hurt or possibly dead, now this doesn’t mean you can do whatever your gut feels when you are in an emergency, but you can’t pause time to think either.

So I conclusion, I think that gut instinct/rash actions will increase in effectiveness and importance in emergencies where there are more things at stake/more danger, and lesser time available, (to think) otherwise I think strongly a longer consideration and more thought-out approach is much more useful.

Posted in school

Timed Essay On If Mistakes Teach Us More Than Success

Writing Assignment: Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt and topic. Time the writing of your essay and write down how long it takes. Prompt: “A man should never be ashamed to own he has been in the wrong, which is but saying, in other words, that he is wiser today than he was yesterday.” –Alexander Pope Topic: Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?

Short answer, yes, I do in fact think that we human beings learns from mistakes MUCH more than from successful actions. The main reason why is that we know that the difference between a bad idea and a good idea because of said failure, but that’s not the only reason I will cover in this timed essay today.

Here’s a list of reasons I think make failures teach more than success: Reason 1 (2 I guess?) is that when we fail something, we learn to not to such in the future, versus when we succeed, we learn little-to none about such “danger zones of a task”. Reason 2, when we fail, we usually learn what we could do to succeed in the future, because if we did succeed we won’t really know how to do it again. (like how not to repeat yourself!😒) Reason 3.14… Failing builds character, and that’s basically all I have to say about failure vs success, but the one time failing doesn’t teach you more than success is most likely a round of fisticuffs.

The total essay time: 10:04 minutes

Posted in school

150 Word Science Review On ICS

Assignment: Describe the ICS in 150 words: What is it? Why is it important? Main functions

In order for you to have an “all risks” emergency system, you need to have a standardized yet flexible management system, and for this purpose, the federal government uses a system called the Incident Command System, or ICS for short; and this system originated from an inter-agency firefighting task force called FIRESCOPE (FIrefighting REsources of Southern California Organized for Potential Emergencies)
Some ICS concepts:
ICS has a unity of command. (recognizable chain of command)
A common terminology. (a common list of code words)
A management of objective (they work towards their current objectives)
Flexible and modular organization (operation can grow and diminish to without disrupting mission)
And a span of control (no one manages no more than seven people)
The ICS is structured with the incident commander at the top, the liaison officer, public safety officer and safety officer next, operations/planning/logistics/finance sections on the lower rank, which then each have t=differently trained units for different emergencies.

Posted in school

English Essay On Whether Or Not Pursuit Of An Item Outweighs Attainment

Writing Assignment: Your writing assignment for today is to write a 3-page essay from the prompt below. Make sure you plan out your response before you begin writing.

Essay Prompt: Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.

Many societies believe that the pursuit of happiness is a fundamental human right. But it is also true that attainment of happiness remains elusive. Perhaps Bertrand Russell had it right when he said, “To be without some of the things you want is an indispensable part of happiness.”

Topic: What gives us more pleasure and satisfaction: the pursuit of our desires or the attainment of them?

(oh boy, this’ll be tough) So, do I think that the pursuit of our desires give us more satisfaction than actually having them? well, yes and no. While I do think use an item we desire is extremely satisfactory, I could also say that the attempt and pursuit of the item could produce satisfaction equal to, if not more, compared to said usage of item. Today, I will cover the differentiating amounts of pleasure and satisfaction that attainment/pursuit will provide. (along with a little bit of personal experience with this subject!) I present to you… the Attainment vs. Pursuit boxing match👀!!!1!

Why attainment is better than the pursuit: first of all, it would seem that attainment is OBVIOUSLY much better than pursuit, right? my answer (personally) is that it really depends on it’s reusability of said achieved item, because while you obviously feel satisfaction of finally attaining the product of your laborious pursuit, you also feel like the item’s lost it’s purpose once you’ve used it all up, and then you’re off looking for “the next best thing” in you’re line of desires; but this still doesn’t mean that attainment no longer has more satisfaction, for once again, the re-usability matters much, and if it (the item) has plenty usability and time-consumption, it will most likely keep you filled with pleasure and satisfaction longer than the dreaming and pursuit of the item or product. (at least in this consumerist nation)

Why pursuit is better than the attainment: Now after that large beating attainment took from my criticism, but that doesn’t mean that pursuit is perfect either. While pursuit does give you satisfaction each time you get closer to your goal, these are also just small bursts of satisfaction, and you only really get pleasure dreaming about the thing you want when you don’t have it. Here’s one personal example: I had wanted a Nintendo Switch since basically a year ago (while I do have it now) I have been mostly just saving up money for it and just dreaming of having it. While I did have feelings of pleasure planning out what games to get once I purchased a switch, I didn’t even feel HALF as happy finally purchasing it than just dreaming, planning, and saving; buuut maybe if you REALLY REALLY REALLY want something, a long wait/save for it wouldn’t seem less satisfying.

Final answer: which IS really better? (drum roll please) *brbrbrbrbrbrbrbr* Attainment wins! The reason why is because you actually have the item you wish for, and the level of pleasure and satisfaction definitely outweigh pursuit’s (at least in my opinion) and I already covered how the item’s re-usability can boost the pleasure further.

Posted in school

History Review On The Greensville/Jay/Pickney’s Treaty

Writing Assignment: Write a two to three page paper on one of the following topics: Choose two or three of the cultural updates discussed this week and summarize them.

For this week’s history class, I got learn about a lot of early America’s cultural updates, some including John Adams becoming president, the quasi-war, and a yellow-fever outbreak, however, I will be covering the three treaties signed in 1795.

The treaty of Greensville, originally called the Treaty with the Wyandots, was a 1795 treaty between the United States and indigenous nations of the Northwest Territory (now Midwestern United States) including the Wyandot and Delaware peoples, which redefined the boundary between indigenous peoples’ lands and territory for European American settlement.

Pinckney’s Treaty, also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo or the Treaty of Madrid, was signed on October 27, 1795 by the United States and Spain. It defined the border between the United States and Spanish Florida, and guaranteed the United States navigation rights on the Mississippi River. With this agreement, the first phase of the ongoing border dispute between the two nations in this region, commonly called the West Florida Controversy, came to a close.* Thomas Pinckney (U.S.) and Don Manuel de Godoy (Spain) represented the two countries, nd the treaty was fully-proclaimed on August 3rd, 1976

The Jay Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, was a treaty signed in 1795 by Great Britain and the United States that averted war between the two, and resolving issues left from the Treaty of Paris (the treaty that the American revolution) and facilitated ten years of peaceful trade between the United States and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars, which began in 1792.

*Thanks to Wikipedia